After the sun sets in Harare, the streets of Zimbabwe’s capital suddenly burst to life. Carts, cars and trucks turned into makeshift, unauthorized shops sell anything from potatoes to babies’ diapers on the pavements of the city center.
Shopping is best done at night in times of hyperinflation and economic hardship. Cash-crunched Zimbabweans are increasingly turning to informal vendors for their groceries shopping, as, with little or no overheads, street hawkers can afford to undercut big supermarkets.
“Everything is always cheaper outside,” Blessing Steven, 23, a taxi driver, said, buying a bottle of juice for US$0.50 at a roadside stall rather than in a supermarket where it costs US$1. “I save money.”
The juice vendor, Shingirirai Goriondo, 23, said that he gets more customers than the retail outlet he operates in front of.
“All beverages I sell here are being charged double there,” he said, pointing to a branch of supermarket chain Foodworld.
Inflation has shot through the roof in recent weeks as Zimbabwe prepares for presidential and parliamentary elections in August.
Officially standing at more than 280 percent last month, analysts estimate the inflation rate is in fact somewhere more than 700 percent.
Economists blame the crisis on a steep depreciation of the local currency on the black market — where most trading takes place.
Only last month, the Zimbabwean dollar was trading at about 1,000 against its more coveted US counterpart.
Today, one greenback costs between 3,800 and 4,000 Zimbabwean dollars on the street — although the official rate is 1,888.
The situation has created price madness in supermarkets. Agence France-Presse reporters have in recent days observed staff changing price tags on goods every morning to try to keep pace with the exchange rate.
This has brought back memories of 2008, when hyperinflation was so out of control that restaurant-goers would see the price of their dinner change before they could finish eating it. Back then, the central bank even issued a 100-trillion-dollar note — now a collectors’ item.
The government was eventually forced to ditch the local currency and adopt the US dollar as legal tender. The Zimbabwean dollar was revived in 2019, but it seems to be suffering from much the same ailments as its previous incarnation.
Most Zimbabweans prefer to do business, get paid and hold their savings in US dollars. Many who earn a salary in local money rush to currency exchange shops on pay day.
“It is now expensive to purchase groceries from the supermarket with our own currency,” said Tarisai Bera, 36, buying a range of toiletries from a hawker.
Curbside shops take only greenbacks and prices there “rarely change,” Bera said.
Street trade gets busier after dark, because there is less police to go around. Most hawkers are not allowed to operate.
“If we come earlier ...we might end up having our goods confiscated and fined,” said Julius Munyanyi, 46, a vendor.
The government has resorted to various expedients to stabilize the economy, including issuing gold coins and launching a gold-backed digital currency — but so far to no avail. The central bank’s main interest rate is currently at 140 percent.
Former Zimbabwean minister of finance Tendai Biti, now an opposition politician, has blamed Zimbabwean Minister of Finance Mthuli Ncube for much of the chaos.
“Treasury, the natural gate keeper has become the gate crasher,” Biti wrote on Twitter last week.
Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa has instead pointed the finger at US dollar-loving businesses.
“Zimbabwe dollar-earning workers are now being forced to buy basics priced exclusively in foreign currency,” Mnangagwa wrote in a weekly newspaper column earlier this month.
Whatever the reason, business is thriving for street traders like Munyanyi.
“Customers find it viable to buy from us. We literally don’t have competition,” he said.
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