Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese yesterday said he would ask Chinese President Xi Jinping (習近平) to lift billions of dollars in trade barriers if the two leaders hold their first bilateral meeting this month.
Albanese was speaking in Sydney before departing Australia yesterday for the East Asia Summit in Cambodia, followed by a G20 meeting in Indonesia, then an APEC forum meeting in Thailand.
A face-to-face meeting between the Chinese and Australian leaders would mark a major reset in a bilateral relationship that plumbed new depths under the nine-year rule of Australia’s previous conservative government.
Beijing had banned minister-to-minister contacts and imposed a series of official and unofficial trade barriers on products including wine, coal, beef, seafood and barley in recent years, which cost Australian exporters A$20 billion (US$13.28 billion) a year.
Albanese said a meeting with Xi was “not locked in at this point in time.”
However, China lifting economic sanctions would be the first priority in returning to normal relations, he said.
“We have some A$20 billion of economic sanctions against Australia. That is not in Australia’s interest in terms of our jobs and the economy, but it’s also not in China’s interest.” Albanese said.
“Australia has world class products — in seafood, in meat, in wine, in other products that we export to China. It’s in China’s interest to receive those products, it’s in Australia’s interest to export them. So I’m very hopeful. We’ll continue to put our case that these sanctions are not justified, that they need to be removed,” Albanese added.
Asked what China wanted from Australia to improve relations, Albanese said: “It’s not up to me to put forward their case.”
“What I want to see with the relationship with China is cooperation where we ... maintain our Australian values where we must,” Albanese said.
Bilateral relations soured over issues including Australian demands for an independent inquiry into the COVID-19 pandemic, a ban on Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei’s involvement in the Australian 5G networks on security grounds and recent laws that ban covert foreign interference in domestic politics.
Chinese Ambassador to Australia Xiao Qian (肖千) said in August that Beijing would discuss with Australia whether conditions were right in November for Albanese to meet Xi during the G20 summit. Xi is not expected to attend the East Asia Summit.
China’s People’s Daily reported this week that “signs of resetting bilateral ties have emerged” since Albanese’s center-left Labor Party came to power in May.
The White House has confirmed that US President Joe Biden plans to hold talks with Xi on Monday on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Indonesia, their first face-to-face meeting since Biden became president in January last year.
The meeting would come as competition for influence among South Pacific island nations heightens between China and the US, along with allies including Australia. Beijing in June struck a security pact with the Solomon Islands that has raised fears of a Chinese naval base being established in the region.
Albanese said Australia has “strategic competition in the region” with China.
“China, of course, has changed its position, and it is much more forward-leaning than it was in the past,” Albanese said.
“That has caused tensions in the relationship, and we need to acknowledge that that’s the context in which the relationship exists,” he added.
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