The city is home to the top two eateries in the world and a cornucopia of Michelin stars. Denmark’s haute cuisine, nonexistent 20 years ago, is making Copenhagen a top destination for gourmands.
Noma and its star chef Rene Redzepi, and Geranium headed by Rasmus Kofoed, clinched the top two spots in the 50 Best Restaurant awards recently published by British magazine Restaurant.
“They were nobody 20 years ago when Rene Redzepi started to reinvent the Nordic cuisine, focusing on local, ethical food,” Copenhagen Business School marketing professor Szilvia Gyimothy said. “It was quite unique and now he is an agenda-setter.”
With cold winters and sandy fields battered by winds from the North Sea and Baltic, Denmark is worlds away from the sun-drenched orchards of France, Italy and Spain, whose bountiful crops have served up gastronomic feasts for centuries.
Paradoxically, Denmark’s culinary successes have been partly attributed to the country having no gastronomic traditions to speak of, leaving the field wide open to innovation and creativity.
There are “many restaurants in the world where the chefs ... rest on their laurels [and] are not so creative. Rene Redzepi and Rasmus Kofoed are never satisfied with what they’ve achieved,” said Bent Christensen, founder of Danish food guide Den Danske Spiseguide.
“It’s very special to have two people like that in such a small country,” he added.
Christensen attributed the success to a vibrant culinary scene spearheaded by the two young chefs, as well as the unexpected advantages of Denmark’s geographical location.
“You’re always less than 40km from the sea,” he said. “That’s fantastic for fish.”
“And it’s nice with our climate,” he added. “You really have four seasons and the vegetables can slowly mature.”
Creating refined, delicately flavored meals, chefs favor local specialties such as cabbage — which Redzepi has dubbed “the coconut of the North” — honoring the country’s environmental mindset.
For example, Geranium is currently offering a three-hour “Autumn Universe” sitting featuring Jerusalem artichoke, grilled lobster, sea buckthorn and duck.
Noma’s summer menu, soon to make way for fall’s “game and forest,” features among other things an awe-inspiring saffron caramel candle, with a lit wick made from shaved walnut dipped in cardamom essential oil.
Redzepi is an expert at fermentation — a technique he uses to makes pine cones edible — and fiercely loyal to local products, always inventing new dishes, Gyimothy said.
“He is engaged in the debate around food, climate, labor conditions, parity. He has really been using his role to push a strong societal agenda,” she said.
Shortly after earning its third Michelin star in September, Noma clinched the top spot in the 50 Best Restaurant awards on Oct. 5, elbowing out Mirazur in Menton, France.
Redzepi previously held the title four times in the 2010s.
However, the fantastical dishes do not come cheaply. Noma’s set menu costs US$435, excluding drinks.
“It is still a very elitist product, but it also affects the way average Danes think of their food,” Gyimothy said.
Danes have become more conscious of buying locally grown and in-season products, in addition to reducing their climate footprint, she said. The effect can also be seen on other restaurants.
“Danes used to travel around, just to practice [different cooking styles] but now it’s upside down, people are coming to Denmark to study,” Christensen said.
VisitDenmark, which promotes tourism to the country, said that 38 percent of foreigners who visited Copenhagen in 2019 did so to sample the gastronomy.
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