The water service in Odessa, a port city in southern Ukraine, was suddenly overrun this week with calls from worried residents with a peculiar concern.
Were officials really planning to run an antiseptic solution through the city’s taps instead of water?
The calls were sparked by a message on social media claiming that: “Today, from 11pm until the morning, antiseptic will be distributed” in the water system.
The antiseptic supposedly included several different whiskies — a brand for each district.
However outlandish the claim, Odessa’s water agency, Infoxvodokanal, still issued a clarification.
Since the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak, false news stories have spiked in Ukraine, fueled by mistrust of authorities and of Russia, which Kiev says wants to sow instability.
“Before the pandemic, we received seven or eight requests each day to verify information,” said Alyona Romanyuk, the founder of a platform that debunks false stories online. “Now there are around 100.”
Among them, the Ukrainian security services denied rumors that authorities planned to douse the capital with disinfectant by helicopter.
Another claimed that medical services for pregnant women and people with cancer were disrupted due to the pandemic.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy himself denied “horror stories” that 400,000 Ukrainians were infected.
“False information spreads much faster than the virus,” Zelenskiy said on television last week.
According to official statistics, Ukraine has confirmed 156 cases of the virus and five deaths.
Yet some Ukrainians worry that the government tally is far lower than the real number due to a lack of testing. Rampant corruption has left many people suspicious of official statements, too.
Disinformation usually begins with a post on Facebook, which is then shared over Telegram or Viber, two online messengers popular in Ukraine.
However, the effects can be felt offline too. Last month, 72 people were evacuated from the Chinese city of Wuhan, the center of the pandemic, and quarantined in Novi Sanzhary, a small town in central Ukraine.
Social media messages claimed the evacuees were infected and local residents clashed with police escorting those brought from China to the medical center.
A report this week by the European External Action Service, which cited the incident, accused Kremlin-run media of spreading misinformation about the coronavirus.
Moscow has rejected the accusations.
Yet Ukraine says it has become a regular target of Russian misinformation since 2014, when Moscow annexed the Crimean Peninsula and threw its weight behind separatists in eastern Ukraine, a conflict that has claimed more than 13,000 lives.
From a variety of genres of misinformation, Romanyuk singled out one designed to “spread panic.”
“And there you can clearly see the hand of Russia,” she said.
Without citing Russia, Ukraine’s security services last month said that they had detected e-mails sent from abroad with the forged signature of the Ukranian Ministry of Health that spread false information on the coronavirus.
The ministry, which recently has boosted its visibility on Telegram and Viber, on Wednesday said that it had reached an agreement with Google to prioritize official sources in search results.
Several activists have started YouTube and Facebook accounts to broadcast reliable data and Romanyuk has launched a platform dedicated to debunking coronavirus misinformation.
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