Serbia’s new center-right coalition government, led by Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic, was sworn in on Sunday and is expected to push the country’s EU membership bid and urgently tackle the ailing economy.
Vucic, leader of the center-right Serbian Progressive party (SNS), was given a mandate after a landslide victory in elections in March, called after Serbia began EU membership talks in the wake of a landmark accord with breakaway Kosovo last year.
Of the 228 deputies present at the SNS-dominated parliament, 198 MPs voted for Vucic’s Cabinet, 23 were against it and seven abstained.
“I am ready to undertake the implementation of reforms as I am convinced that if things remain the same, the consequences will be catastrophic,” Vucic told the Serbian parliament.
In his three-hour speech before the vote, Vucic said the priority of his 19-member Cabinet would be the reform of Serbia’s outdated economy, the reduction of the budget deficit and moves to accelerate Belgrade’s bid to join the EU.
“The EU is not an ideal union, but it is the best union of the states that exists nowadays and we belong there,” Vucic said. “If we work hard, I am convinced that Serbia can become an EU member by the end of this decade.”
Vucic is to discuss the first moves of his Cabinet with EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton, who was to visit Belgrade yesterday.
High on the agenda will be the resumption of talks with Pristina on a further normalization of relations between the two former foes, a key condition for Serbia’s EU membership hopes.
Vucic said he would personally lead Belgrade’s delegation in the EU-sponsored talks with Pristina, expected to continue in coming weeks.
Serbia — the largest country to emerge from the break-up of Yugoslavia in the 1990s, with a population of 7.2 million people — has to reform antiquated labor and other economic laws and cut down on bureaucracy.
More than 20 percent of the workforce is unemployed, and those with jobs struggle to survive on an average monthly salary of 350 euros (US$480).
The new government will have to push through a stringent austerity package, including the privatization of more than 150 state-owned companies, along with subsidy cuts and tax increases.
“These reforms have been put off for too long and they are more than necessary if we want to avoid a Greek scenario,” Vucic said.
He called on the deputies to “eat and sleep in parliament” in order to adopt a series of reform laws to replace labor regulations that have hampered fresh investments.
“The burden is extremely heavy and I am shaking like a leaf faced with the responsibility,” Vucic said.
The 44-year-old once had the reputation of an ultra-nationalist hawk, but he reinvented himself as a pro-European anticorruption campaigner.
The SNS owes its popularity largely to Vucic’s high-profile antigraft drive that led to the arrest of several tycoons and former ministers.
Vucic invited his former coalition partners, the Socialists, founded by former Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic, to join the government.
Socialist leader and former prime minister Ivica Dacic holds the post of foreign minister.
Yale graduate Lazar Krstic remains finance minister, while former World Bank expert Dusan Vujovic was named economy minister.
Serbia’s first female governor and former IMF expert Kori Udovicki will be in charge of the public administration.
The opposition has brushed off Vucic’s plans as “populist and full of empty promises.”
Vucic said that the government would revise the budget in June in a bid to maintain the deficit at an already announced 7 percent of GDP. It is one of the main conditions set by the IMF to approve a new loan.
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