Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co (TSMC, 台積電) founder Morris Chang (張忠謀) yesterday said that a sustainable supply of high-quality and dedicated engineers, and a low turnover rate are contributing factors to Taiwan’s leadership in the global chipmaking industry.
Chang delivered a speech on Taiwan’s competitive advantages in the chip sector at the 70th anniversary of the International Association of Judges (IAJ) in Taipei.
Chang founded the world’s largest contract chipmaker, or foundry, in 1987. The chipmaker now offers research and development, wafer fabrication and advanced packaging, which are capital and technology-intensive businesses, he said.
Photo: Tien Yu-hua, Taipei Times
Chips made by TSMC can be found in national defense, smartphones and vehicles, he said.
In developed countries, about 2.5 billion people use Taiwan-made chips for the devices they use in their daily lives, he added.
As chip manufacturing is a crucial industry and the only crucial industry for Taiwan to be a leader, it needs to defend its leadership position, Chang said.
With a highly educated population, Taiwan has plenty of high-quality and dedicated engineers, Chang said.
Those young people are willing to work in the tough chip manufacturing environment, wearing heavy outfits that look like space suits, he added.
TSMC has an employee turnover rate of about 4 to 5 percent annually, which is much lower than the 15 to 20 percent at US companies during the 1970s and the 1980s, he said, adding that a high turnover was “certainly a disaster problem” as it takes years to train technicians and engineers, he said.
The US used to have the most advanced wafer fabrication technology in the world, but things have changed, he said.
TSMC now offers the world’s most advanced foundry technology, outpacing Intel Corp.
Taiwan’s foundry-centric semiconductor fabrication supply chain is also one advantage, with major equipment suppliers ASML Holding NV and Applied Materials Inc setting up service centers in Taiwan, he said.
The Ministry of Economic Affairs yesterday approved an additional US$4.5 billion (US$140.7 million) funding for TSMC’s fab construction in Arizona.
The new funding would help enhance TSMC’s partnership with customers, and would help grow Taiwan’s semiconductor industry and deepen its connections with supply chains, it said.
President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) also gave a speech at the IAJ event, saying the government is striving to reach the highest international standards in judicial independence and human rights protection.
“We cannot take judicial independence for granted. It must be continuously upheld through individual commitments and institutional protections in Taiwan,” Tsai said.
The last time the IAJ held its annual meeting in Taiwan, in 1999, it adopted the Universal Charter of the Judge — a “landmark document” that has helped enshrine the value of judicial independence, Tsai said.
Serving as a blueprint for protecting judicial independence, the charter states that judges should “ensure the rights of everyone to a fair trial” and “exercise judicial powers free from social, economic and political pressure,” she said.
The nation’s commitment to democracy “drives our efforts to build a judicial system that is transparent, accountable and responsive to the people it serves,” she said.
The citizen judge system, where professional judges are joined by members of the public in trials, was launched this year as an effort to ensure greater fairness and trust in the judicial system, she added.
Judicial Yuan President Hsu Tzong-li (許宗力) said in his speech that as judicial departments are facing various challenges and difficulties in a rapidly changing global environment, “it is indispensable that judges around the world strengthen their cooperation and exchanges” to safeguard freedom, judicial independence and human rights.
Indonesia has sent hundreds of riot police to a tiny island after protests broke out against a China-backed project that would displace thousands of residents. About 1,000 people protested in Batam City on Monday over a plan to develop Rempang island into a Chinese-funded economic zone, including the construction of a multibillion-dollar glass factory, that would displace about 7,500 people. Some protesters clashed with security forces outside a government agency, wielding machetes, Molotov cocktails and stones, police said, adding that dozens were arrested. Beijing has poured money into infrastructure and resource projects in Southeast Asia’s biggest economy and its investments have previously caused
‘HARASSMENT’: A record 103 Chinese warplanes were detected in 24 hours, posing severe challenges to security in the Taiwan Strait and the region, the ministry said Taiwan yesterday told China to stop its “destructive unilateral actions” after more than 100 Chinese warplanes and nine navy ships were detected in areas around the nation. The Ministry of National Defense (MND) described the number of warplanes detected in 24 hours as a “recent high,” while Beijing has so far refrained from issuing any official comment on the sorties. “Between the morning of September 17th to 18th, the Ministry of National Defense had detected a total of 103 Chinese aircraft, which was a recent high and has posed severe challenges to the security across the Taiwan Strait and in the region,”
CALL FOR PEACE: Czech President Petr Pavel raised concerns about China’s military maneuvers in the Taiwan Strait and its ‘unfriendly action’ in the South China Sea The leaders of three diplomatic allies — Guatemala, Paraguay and Palau — on Tuesday voiced support for Taiwan’s inclusion in the UN on the first day of the UN General Debate in New York. In his address during the 78th UN General Assembly, Palauan President Surangel Whipps Jr urged the UN and all parties involved in cross-strait issues to exercise restraint and seek a peaceful resolution. “The well-being and prosperity of nations and their economies are intrinsically linked to global peace and stability,” he said. He also thanked partner nations such as Taiwan, Australia, Japan and the US for providing assistance
China would be making “a grave strategic mistake” if it tried to attack Taiwan, US Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Mark Milley said in an interview with CNN that aired on Sunday. Asked by host Fareed Zakaria whether the US could repel a Chinese invasion of Taiwan, Milley said: “It is entirely possible.” Milley reiterated that the US still maintains the Taiwan Relations Act, and that it wants “a peaceful outcome between Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China, and whatever that is between those two peoples.” “Militarily, I think China would make a grave strategic mistake if they attempted to