Bulgaria’s crisis-hit construction sector fears that many EU-funded infrastructure projects will be mothballed as the general election approaches and EU aid remains blocked over corruption concerns.
“The government must urgently seek ways to unblock the [EU] money so that the big infrastructure projects can get off the ground as soon as possible,” said Nikolay Mihaylov, chairman of the transport section of the construction industry association.
“Companies are nervous. The crisis has left 75 percent of them without work and these projects are now a matter of survival for a sector that used to be a major driver of economic growth,” said Veliko Zhelev, executive director of the road construction industry association.
Both Mihaylov and Zhelev were pessimistic, however, about getting any big projects started by the end of this year.
“Don’t forget the election is coming. If the EU money isn’t unblocked, tenders aren’t called and contracts aren’t signed before the election campaign starts, things will stall until the next government is office,” Zhelev said.
“Then winter will be upon us and the sector will be in big trouble,” he said.
Bulgaria’s outgoing government, strapped for infrastructure cash, had been counting on EU money to finance major and most costly road building projects, including the country’s first border-to-border Trakia highway.
Poor road maintenance, patchy repair and only occasional new building since the fall of communism in 1989 has left two-thirds of the country’s 19,425km of roads in serious need of repair, data by the national road agency showed
For a country that wants to become a major tourist destination and a center of foreign investment, Bulgaria has only 418km of motorway, with none of the five planned EU corridors yet completed.
Until the global economic crisis caused the property market to go bust, building companies had been flourishing thanks to a boom in resort and holiday home construction.
Regular building companies were lured into the road construction business by the promise of EU money once Bulgaria joined the bloc in 2007.
“Road companies reinvested profits to develop capacity, hire more qualified workers and buy heavy equipment in order to be ready to undertake major projects,” said Mihaylov, who also heads one of Bulgaria’s biggest construction companies, Trace Group Hold.
But “the big EU bucks” stalled last year amid concerns over corruption and conflicts of interest.
At the national road agency, which was to be the main beneficiary of the programs, work was virtually frozen by a series of scandals and management changes.
In addition, the agency canceled the results of tenders for two major and dozens of smaller road stretches in a bid to clean its record with Brussels.
That meant the winning companies, some of which had already started on the projects, were left high and dry and in doubt as to whether they would ever be compensated. The workers of one of the companies staged a series of road blockades this week to demand their pay.
Brussels still has to issue a report on progress at the road agency. None of the government or company officials were willing to predict when EU money will be unblocked and new tenders called.
“Companies need clarity — set deadlines and a plan. Billions of much-needed money is at stake here,” Mihaylov said.