New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s landmark climate legislation has passed in parliament with historic cross-party support, committing the nation to reduce its carbon emissions to zero by 2050 and tomeet its commitments under the Paris climate accords.
The Zero Carbon bill passed yesterday afternoon with the center-right opposition New Zealand National Party throwing its support behind it late in the day, despite none of its proposed amendments being accepted. The bill passed 119 votes to one.
New Zealand Minister for Climate Change James Shaw said the bill, which commits the nation to keeping global warming below 1.5°C, provided a framework for the island country of nearly 5 million to adapt to and prepare for the climate emergency.
“We’ve led the world before in nuclear disarmament and in votes for women, now we are leading again,” Shaw said.
“Climate change is the defining long-term issue of our generation that successive governments have failed to address. Today we take a significant step forward in our plan to reduce New Zealand’s emissions,” he added.
Ardern told MPs that New Zealand was on the “right side of history.”
“I absolutely believe and continue to stand by the statement that climate change is the biggest challenge of our time,” she said.
“Undeniably, our sea levels are rising, and undeniably, we are experiencing extreme weather events — increasingly so. Undeniably, the science tells us the impact there will be on flora and fauna, and yes also the spread of diseases in areas where we haven’t previously seen them,” she added.
The bill will enshrine a new 2050 greenhouse gas reduction target into law and require that future governments have plans to meet the target.
It will also establish a climate change commission and ensure future any future government’s plan and budget for adaption and mitigation.
The reduction target will have two separate plans: One for biogenic methane, or that which is produced by living organisms, and another for all other greenhouse gases.
The legislation has been applauded by environmental groups around the globe, who said New Zealand was leading the world in its pragmatic and leveled approach to climate change.
Forest and Bird chief executive Kevin Hague said the bill was only a first step.
“Now we need to see a path to carbon neutrality that has protecting and restoring nature at its heart. The bill is only a first step on climate change. We need concrete, urgent, climate action to save our most vulnerable native species and restore native ecosystems,” he added.
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