Fri, Jan 04, 2019 - Page 7 News List

Bolsonaro’s agenda faces some major challenges as he takes charge of Brazil

AFP, RIO DE JANEIRO

New Brazillian President Jair Bolsonaro has promised to radically change the path taken by Latin America’s biggest country by trashing decades of center-left policies.

However, while the far-right politician enjoys sky-high popularity, the challenges to his agenda are formidable.

Here are the key issues he faces:

ECONOMY

Brazil is a commodity-exporting powerhouse, but it is still limping out of a record-breaking recession that eradicated many gains from the stellar period of prosperity it enjoyed only a decade ago.

Bolsonaro has appointed a free-marketeer, Paulo Guedes, as Brazilian minister of the economy to push through reforms to bring down Brazil’s swelling debt, mainly through privatizations, tax changes and encouraging foreign investment.

One of the trickiest problems is likely to be cutting back on Brazil’s unsustainable pension system, which requires an overhaul of the constitution.

Bolsonaro’s far-right Social Liberal Party does not have a majority in the Brazillian Congress. To pass legislation he would have to rely on ad hoc alliances with backbenchers in various parties who are part of his evangelical, pro-agribusiness, pro-gun base.

Consulting firm Eurasia Group said that the reforms pose “a real challenge.”

The big swing in public support behind Bolsonaro could give him the legislative firepower he needs, if he moves early in his term — but even then “expect a lot of drama” in Congress, it said.

DIPLOMACY

Brazil’s new orientation is likely to become quickly clear to the world through its diplomacy and a lot of that is inspired by US President Donald Trump, whom Bolsonaro admires.

Bolsonaro has already said he would pull his country out of a UN global migration pact, and he is deciding whether to do the same with the Paris accord on climate change and whether to move Brazil’s embassy in Israel to Jerusalem — all measures aligned with Trump.

Additionally, he is hostile to greater Chinese investment in Brazil, and he has said he would do all he can to challenge the leftist governments of Cuba and Venezuela.

DOMESTIC POLITICS

Bolsonaro’s two main promises are to crack down on rampant crime and extinguish political corruption.

The former military man wants laws eased so “good” people can own guns to deter armed assailants.

Critics fear that could usher in a “Wild West” in a country where there are already nearly 64,000 homicides annually.

Police officers — responsible for about 5,000 deaths a year — would be given greater impunity under Bolsonaro.

The fight against corruption has been under way since 2014, under a sprawling anti-graft probe known as “Car Wash,” which has snared many political and corporate chiefs.

In a savvy move, Bolsonaro has named the judge who led “Car Wash,” Sergio Moro, as his minister of justice.

Yet corruption in Brazil has deep roots and any evidence of it in Bolsonaro’s inner circle — some allegations are already being investigated — or his party could rapidly damage his image.

This story has been viewed 1311 times.

Comments will be moderated. Keep comments relevant to the article. Remarks containing abusive and obscene language, personal attacks of any kind or promotion will be removed and the user banned. Final decision will be at the discretion of the Taipei Times.

TOP top