Homeopathic products should not be sold in Australian pharmacies because they place consumers at “unacceptable risk,” an independent review of pharmacy regulation for the Australian Department of Health has found.
In his interim report, review panel chairman Stephen King found homeopathy and homeopathic products should be kept out of pharmaceutical benefits scheme-approved pharmacies.
“The only defense put to the panel regarding homeopathy was that it was harmless and able to be used as a placebo in certain circumstances,” the report said. “The panel does not believe that this argument is sufficient to justify the continued sale of these products in pharmacies.”
Ian Carr, a pharmacist and member of Friends of Science in Medicine, welcomed the finding and said homeopathic products could be harmful if used in lieu of evidence-based treatments for serious conditions.
“My biggest complaint about the status of homeopathy is not that people are essentially putting placebos into their bodies, it’s that they are putting their trust in a certain way of thinking that has no evidence base,” he said.
“It means they’re not looking in the right places for information, which is concerning if they are suffering from serious health problems. Yes, there is always a small risk that scientifically proven medicines carry, but those medicines also offer a huge benefit. Homeopathy carries a small or medium risk with no benefit,” he said.
Homeopaths say that illness-causing substances can, in minute doses, treat people who are unwell and dilute these substances in water or alcohol.
They say the resulting mixture retains a “memory” of the original substance that triggers a healing response in the body.
These claims have been disproven by multiple studies.
In 2015 the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council reviewed 225 research papers on homeopathy and found there were “no health conditions for which there is reliable evidence that homeopathy is effective.”
“People who choose homeopathy may put their health at risk if they reject or delay treatments for which there is good evidence for safety and effectiveness,” it said.
An independent company reviewed the council’s analysis and appraised the evidence to prevent bias, drawing the same conclusions.
Carr said the interim report on pharmacy regulation was not tough enough on the wider complementary and alternative medicine sector.
In September last year the Australian government announced a more comprehensive system of post-market monitoring of products, which would provide the Therapeutic Goods Administration with better information about emerging safety issues.
Because of these and other changes under way, the panel had made no further recommendations on complementary and alternative medicine products (CAM), King said.
However, Carr said he would liked to have seen a more critical look at the sale of such products in pharmacies by the panel.
“I’m particularly concerned by pharmacies that place naturopaths in the pharmacy environment, given naturopaths promote treatments that are unscientific and unproven,” he said.
Professor of public health and medicines policy expert Ken Harvey agreed.
“There should be a completely separate section for CAM products and there should be a clear sign in that section that tells customers: ‘These products have not been evaluated by government to see if they work and they may interact with medications. Talk to a pharmacist,’” he said.
The report also found that community pharmacy expenditure and funding was “insufficiently transparent,” a concern given that community pharmacies draw funding from a range of federal, state and territory government programs.
Pharmaceutical Society of Australia (PSA) president Joe Demarte said the interim report had raised some concerning issues for the sector.
“We will consult with members from all areas of practice to comprehensively assess the interim report, which will inform PSA’s detailed response,” he said.
An Australian university student who has never visited China and has only a modest social media following would seem an unlikely target for the Chinese government. However, when a Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman personally denounced Drew Pavlou at a news conference, it was just the next phase in an extraordinary campaign against the 21-year-old that has fueled concerns over China’s targeting of critics overseas. Pavlou first placed himself in the superpower’s sights when in July last year he organized a small sit-in at the University of Queensland, where he studies, to protest against various Chinese government policies. Since then, the Global
BEFORE WINTER COMES: Snow cuts off roads into Ladakh for four months or more each year, so the crunch is on to get food, tents and high-altitude equipment to Leh From deploying mules to large transport aircraft, the Indian military has activated its entire logistics network to transport supplies to thousands of troops for a harsh winter along a bitterly disputed Himalayan border with China. In the past few months, one of India’s biggest military logistics exercises in years has brought vast quantities of ammunition, equipment, fuel, winter supplies and food into Ladakh, a region bordering Tibet that India administers as a union territory, officials said. The move was triggered by a border standoff with China in the snow deserts of Ladakh that began in May and escalated in June into hand-to-hand
Since her personal telephone number was posted online, Hong Kong democracy advocate and Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions chairperson Carol Ng has received menacing calls from strangers and been bombarded with messages calling her a “cockroach.” She is not alone. A sophisticated and shady Web site called HK Leaks has ramped up its “doxxing” — where people’s personal details are published online — of Hong Kong democracy advocates, targeting those it says have broken Hong Kong’s National Security Law. Promoted by groups linked to the Chinese Chinese Communist Party and hosted on Russia-based servers, HK Leaks has become the most prominent “doxxing”
A Malaysian student whose cellphone was stolen while he was sleeping has tracked down the culprit: a monkey who took photo and video selfies with the device before abandoning it. Zackrydz Rodzi, 20, on Wednesday said that his mobile phone was missing from his bedroom when he woke up on Saturday. He found the phone’s casing under his bed, but there was no sign of robbery in his house in Johor state. JUNGLE When his father saw a monkey the next day, he searched in the jungle behind his house. Using his brother’s cellphone to call his own device, he found it covered