Sat, Oct 22, 2016 - Page 6 News List

S Sudan rebel head hints at November return


South Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar said he could return to the turbulent country as early as next month, even if he has to enter the way he fled — on foot.

He has begun speaking out again after a long silence, during which he trekked 40 days through the bush into neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) as South Sudan’s capital erupted in renewed fighting.

In an interview on Thursday night in South Africa, Machar said his country’s peace deal had “collapsed” and a new political process is needed to revive it.

However, he did not commit to rejoining the peace deal on the same terms.

According to the agreement signed last year that sought to end a bloody two-year civil war, he had been vice president in a fragile national unity government under his rival, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir.

Machar said he has the right to be president and that he has enough forces to “liberate” the capital, Juba.

He called for his supporters to “wage a popular armed resistance against the authoritarian and racist regime” in his first public comments in exile last month.

On Thursday, he backed away from that call to arms, saying his statement was “resisting the war being forced on us.”

Machar fled South Sudan in July when fighting erupted among security forces and he last spoke with Kiir on July 15, less than a week after the gunfire began.

The government quickly replaced him as vice president. Fighting has continued in several parts of South Sudan since then.

In one of his first interviews in exile, Machar warned of coming atrocities by the South Sudanese government, including possible genocide.

On Wednesday, Kiir announced that tribalism had become a growing factor in the conflict and that the army supporting him was mostly his fellow Dinka.

“What is that going to do?” asked Machar, an ethnic Nuer.


He said he is afraid South Sudan will see more attacks like the one by South Sudanese soldiers in July on the Terrain compound popular with foreigners, where Americans were singled out and aid workers and others were raped, forced to watch a local journalist be shot dead and subjected to mock executions.

“If South Sudan’s government can do that to foreigners from powerful countries, what does the world think it will do to its own people?” Machar asked.

Machar also described how he fled the country in July in a 804km march through the bush into DR Congo.

There, he said, the UN peacekeeping force extracted him, even as South Sudanese helicopter gunships continued to target him beyond their border.

“I went through an ordeal,” Machar said, describing an epic, zig-zagging hike in which he and supporters were reduced to eating wild fruit and snails.

Five of his soldiers died, he said, likely from poisoning after eating raw cassava.

Now Machar is in a hit-and-miss pursuit of world leaders for talks on how to revive South Sudan’s peace deal.

After a stay in Sudan, where he failed to meet Sudanese President Omar Bashir, he hopes to meet South African President Jacob Zuma.

During his time in Sudan’s capital, Khartoum, Machar said Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni requested a meeting to discuss a political process.

Museveni asked if Machar would participate in a dialogue.

“I said I would,” he added.

South Sudan’s government has given contradictory statements over whether it would allow Machar back or negotiate with him.

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