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Pacific islands’ summit planning climate plea to world

AFP, PORT MORESBY

A cemetery on the shoreline of Majuro Atoll in the Marshall Islands is flooded by high tides and ocean surges on Dec. 10, 2008.

Photo: AFP

Vulnerable Pacific island nations this week plan to send the world an urgent plea for action on climate change when delegates meet at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris later this year.

Some Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) countries lie barely a meter above sea level and fear they will disappear beneath the waves without drastic intervention from major polluters.

The 15-nation regional grouping, starting its annual summit in Port Moresby today, has long complained of bearing the brunt of climate change, even though its members make a miniscule contribution to global carbon emissions.

For more than a decade, the annual PIF summit has heard details of eroding coastlines, increasingly destructive storms and crops ruined by encroaching seawater.

Villagers in the Marshall Islands have seen graveyards swamped, while Kiribati has purchased a large block of land in Fiji in case its entire population needs to relocate.

Palauan President Tommy Remengesau said the Pacific’s plight should prick the conscience of delegates from 195 nations who will meet in Paris seeking a breakthrough climate deal.

“What is happening is non-uniform, rapid, extreme and destructive in impact and consequences,” said Remengesau, who is also the PIF president.

“There is immediate danger for all small island countries. Climate change is causing serious damage now, it is not an event of the future,” he said.

The so-called “COP21” talks in Paris in December are expected to seek a binding deal to take effect in 2020 that will commit all nations to emissions cuts.

The goal is to limit average global warming to 2?C over pre-Industrial Revolution levels.

Former New Zealand prime minister Geoffrey Palmer said the Paris talks could determine the future of Pacific territories such as Kiribati, Tuvalu and Tokelau.

“If you get a meter of inundation by the tides then some of those countries are going to become unviable very soon,” he told a climate discussion in Wellington organized by the French embassy. “You’re looking there at the destruction of a culture. This is terrible and we are not doing anything about it.”

Australia and New Zealand — the two largest PIF members — have been accused of dragging their feet on climate change, but Kiribatian President Anote Tong said small island nations would not allow them to water down the PIF’s call for action.

“I don’t know what problems these countries have ... but we will have a very big problem if we do not have strong language,” he said. “We need action as soon as possible.”

Another issue set for discussion at the PIF meeting is a clampdown on civil rights in Nauru, which prompted New Zealand on Wednesday to suspend foreign aid to the country’s judicial sector.

The UN and US have called for restoration of basic freedoms in Nauru, saying they are fundamental to democracy, and New Zealand has said it will air its concerns in Port Moresby.

The Pacific’s multibillion-dollar tuna industry will also be under scrutiny. It is an economic lifeline for some nations, but vulnerable to poaching and overfishing.

The talks are also set to touch on regional integration, potentially allowing French Polynesia in as a full member, and curbing an obesity epidemic in the Pacific.

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