The UN atomic agency was to resume talks in Tehran yesterday to tackle allegations of past Iranian weapons work and discuss more practical steps to increase the transparency of the country’s nuclear drive.
The one-day encounter between Iran and the Vienna-based International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will build on a framework deal agreed in November last year that required Tehran to take six practical steps by Tuesday.
With completion of those measures — including a visit to the heavy water plant at the unfinished Arak reactor — negotiations on “more difficult things” are expected to begin, IAEA director-general Yukiya Amano has said.
Iranian Atomic Energy Organization spokesman Behrouz Kamalvandi has said that, based on the IAEA’s assessment of progress, the scope of future cooperation will be decided.
He expressed hope that “the agency’s doubts have been removed.”
Led by chief inspector Tero Varjoranta, the IAEA team is to meet Iranian nuclear officials, led by Iran’s IAEA envoy, Reza Najafi.
Kamalvandi said the talks could be extended if there is major progress.
The six-step deal was struck in November last year after two years and nearly a dozen rounds of talks. It is separate to the landmark nuclear agreement also reached in November with world powers that put temporary curbs on nuclear activities.
Implementation began on Dec. 8 last year, when IAEA inspectors visited Arak, whose small, unfinished heavy water reactor has been hit by a series of delays.
The site, which Iran insists is an integral part of its nuclear program, is of international concern because Tehran could theoretically extract weapons-grade plutonium from its spent fuel if it also builds a reprocessing facility.
However, Atomic Energy Organization of Iran head Ali Akbar Salehi said earlier this week the reactor could be modified to produce less plutonium to “allay the worries.”
And he insisted that Iran did not intend to build a reprocessing plant.
Iran’s nuclear activities have been in the international spotlight for the past decade over suspicions in the West and Israel that they mask military objectives, despite repeated Iranian denials.
The IAEA is focusing on Tehran’s past work to clear long-standing allegations that, prior to 2003, and possibly since, Iran’s nuclear drive had “possible military dimensions.”
Rejecting those allegations as baseless, Iran denies that it is seeking now or has ever sought nuclear weapons.
Amano said in an interview last month that it was now the time to ask the “more difficult” questions and push Iran on those issues.
“We started with measures that are practical and easy to implement, and then we move on to more difficult things,” Amano said. “We certainly wish to include issues with ‘possible military dimensions’ in future steps.”
How long this takes “very much depends on Iran. It can be quick or it can be long. It really depends on their cooperation.”
The IAEA has been asking Iran in vain for years to grant inspectors access to the Parchin military facility, where it suspects Tehran may have experimented with atomic weapons development.