Sun, Mar 31, 2013 - Page 5 News List

B-2s sent to Korea for diplomacy: officials


A photo taken and released by North Korea’s Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on Friday shows, according to KCNA, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un discussing a strike plan with North Korean officers during an urgent operational meeting at the Supreme Command in an undisclosed location.

Photo: AFP / KCNA via KNS

The stealthy, nuclear-capable US B-2 bomber is a veteran of wars in Iraq and Libya, but it is not usually a tool of Washington’s statecraft.

Yet on Thursday, the US sent a pair of the bat-winged planes on a first-of-its-kind practice run over the skies of South Korea, conducting what US officials say was a diplomatic sortie.

The aim, the officials said, was two-fold: To reassure US allies South Korea and Japan in the face of a string of threats from North Korea, and to nudge Pyongyang back to nuclear talks.

However, whether North Korea’s young leader, Kim Jong-un, interprets the message the way the White House hopes is anybody’s guess.

His first reaction, according to North Korean state media, was to order his country’s missiles ready to strike the US and South Korea.

A senior US official said Kim’s late father, Kim Jong-il, was at least more predictable: He would issue threats that got the world’s attention without provoking open conflict, and then use them as leverage in subsequent diplomatic negotiations.

This time, US intelligence analysts are divided over whether Kim Jong-un is pursuing the same strategy.

“It’s a little bit of an ‘all bets are off’ kind of moment,” said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

The official said the idea for the practice bombing run, part of annual US-South Korean military exercises named Foal Eagle, emerged from government-wide discussions over how to signal to Seoul and Tokyo that Washington would back them in a crisis.

It is less clear whether Washington informed China, North Korea’s neighbor and only major ally, in advance.

The plan was approved by the White House and coordinated with South Korea and Japan, the official said.

While the 20-year-old B-2 often flies for long durations — 44 hours is the record — Thursday’s flight of approximately 37-and-a-half hours was the plane’s first non-stop mission to the Korean Peninsula and back from Whiteman Air Force Base in Missouri, air force officials said.

With Pyongyang threatening missile strikes on the US mainland, as well as US bases in Hawaii and Guam, the flight seemed designed to demonstrate how easy it would be for the US to strike back at North Korea.

It is far from clear that Pyongyang, which has had mixed success in its missile tests, can make good on its own threats.

“This is useful reminder to the South Koreans that the US nuclear arm can reach out and touch North Korea from anywhere. We don’t need to be sitting there at Osan Air Base,” south of Seoul, said Ralph Cossa, president of the Hawaii-based Pacific Forum CSIS think tank.

“This also reminds the Chinese that North Korean actions have consequences. It tells them that the US is taking North Korean threats seriously, but we’re not panicking,” he added.

The senior US official said that once the Foal Eagle exercises are concluded, US President Barack Obama’s administration hopes to pivot to a diplomatic approach to North Korea, and hopes Pyongyang will reciprocate.

US Secretary of State John Kerry is expected to travel to East Asia in about two weeks, the first of a parade of senior Washington officials headed toward the region.

Thursday’s drill was a rare moment in the limelight for the B-2 “Spirit” bomber, which began life with a slew of cost and development troubles for manufacturer Northrop Grumman Corp, but has become a mainstay of US nuclear deterrence.

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