Pope Benedict XVI implored the Syrian regime on Sunday to heed international demands to end the bloodshed and expressed hope that the joy of Easter will comfort Christian communities suffering because of their faith.
Benedict, struggling with hoarseness and looking tired, celebrated Mass on Christianity’s most joyous holy day on the flower-adorned steps of St Peter’s Basilica, before a crowd of faithful that swelled to far more than 100,000 by the end of the two-hour ceremony.
Only hours earlier, the pontiff, who turns 85 on Monday, had led a long nighttime vigil service in the church. There have been concerns over his health, and he has recently used a cane in public appearances. He no longer walks down the basilica’s long aisle, traveling instead aboard a wheeled platform pushed by aides.
At the end of Sunday’s Mass, Benedict moved to the basilica’s central balcony to read his Easter message “to the entire world,” as he put it, delivering a ringing -appeal for peace in Iraq, Syria and elsewhere in the Middle East, and in Africa, citing coup-struck Mali and Nigeria, where Christians and Muslims alike have been hit by terrorist attacks.
“May the risen Christ grant hope to the Middle East and enable all the ethnic, cultural and religious groups in that region to work together to advance the common good and respect for human rights,” the pope said.
“Particularly in Syria, may there be an end to bloodshed and an immediate commitment to the path of respect, dialogue and reconciliation, as called for by the international community,” Benedict said, making Syria the first of several strife-torn countries he mentioned in his traditional “Urbi et Orbi” (Latin for “to the city and to the world”) Easter speech.
The Syrian government on Sunday appeared to be backing out of a ceasefire deal aimed at ending the country’s crisis, saying that it will not withdraw its troops from cities without written guarantees from armed groups that they will also lay down their weapons. UN estimates put the number of dead in that conflict at about 9,000 since it began in March last year.
Benedict also lamented that many Syrians who have fled the conflict are enduring “dreadful sufferings” and prayed that they would receive welcome and assistance.
Underlining the pope’s concern for the Middle East, the Holy See said on Sunday the pope would make a three-day pilgrimage to Lebanon in September, celebrating Mass in Beirut and encouraging bishops and other churchmen in the Middle East.
Christians throughout the world on Easter celebrate their belief that Jesus Christ rose from the dead after his crucifixion, and the day symbolizes hope.
Benedict said that Christ was “hope and comfort in a particular way for those Christian communities suffering most for their faith on account of discrimination and persecution.”
Sectarian violence in Iraq, often aimed at Christians, has prompted an exodus over the last years of many from the sizable Christian community there.
Benedict also prayed that God sustain the Christian community in Africa, where the Catholic Church has been enjoying vibrant growth in recent years.
“To Nigeria, which in recent times has experienced savage terrorist attacks, may the joy of Easter grant the strength needed to take up anew the building of a society which is peaceful and respectful of the religious freedom of its citizens,” he said.