Sun, Sep 04, 2011 - Page 5 News List

North Korea prepares for harvest as food aid flows in

Reuters, WONJONG BORDER POST, North Korea

Commuters travel on a bus on Friday near a market in North Korea’s special economic zone of Rason, which is located northeast of Pyongyang. Foreign media were given a rare glimpse inside a North Korean marketplace on Friday, and witnessed thousands of people exchanging cash for a wide variety of goods, as the secretive state experiments with modest change. North Korea has embraced a semblance of free-market trading in selected regions along its borders.

Photo: Reuters

North Korea appears to have emerged from the depths of a bad winter and late spring in reasonable shape, at least in the far north and south, where a variety of crops is nearly ready for harvest.

The North has pleaded for food aid this year because of bad weather and the impact of international sanctions imposed for its nuclear program, winning donations in recent months from Russia, the EU and UN organizations after sending in their own assessment teams.

However, South Korea has so far refused food aid, granting only emergency aid to help the impoverished state deal with flood damage from a series of bad storms in the middle of the year.

Washington said it was still assessing the North’s requests, while Seoul says it doubts Pyongyang’s pleas are genuine. Until the imposition of sanctions, the two had been the biggest aid donors to the North, which has suffered chronic food shortages for years.

During a five-day trip which started near the China-Russia border and ended at the South Korean border, foreign journalists saw that fields in the respective Rason and Kumgang zones were lush with crops, sometimes stretching over many acres.

“We had bad winter, and late spring, but the crops look good now,” said a North Korean guide who escorted a group of foreign journalists on a rare trip through the areas this week. The harvest is due next month.

From the North Korean border post of Wonjong to the port of Sonbong about 70km away, the area had many fields of corn and rice. Maize was growing over a meter high in small plots around many of the small bungalow style houses in village compounds while communal rice fields sometimes stretched for acres.

Soybeans and potatoes are also grown in the area, the North Korean guide said. There was little livestock, but some healthy-looking cows were seen grazing. Three people were seen riding horses.

Western journalists have not been taken to the area before, at least in recent memory. Pyongyang, with China’s backing, has this year broken ground on new infrastructure projects in the zone as it attempts to woo foreign investors to generate hard currency for the state’s flailing economy.

In another special “international” zone with more market-oriented rules — the resort of Kumgang, which was built with South Korean capital — the land was lush with the same crops, as well as barley and cabbage. There were also some orchards, along green houses with vegetables.

Men, women and children were working in the fields, along with a couple of ox-drawn plows. However, not one item of mechanized farm equipment was seen during the entire trip.

An Australian tourist, who was traveling in the center of the country, driving two hours north of Pyongyang and five hours from the capital to the South Korean border, said he had seen hectares of crops ready for harvest.

“I don’t know about the politics of it all, but what I saw was plenty of crops that looked really good,” said 51-year-old Max Ward, touring the country for a week. “And the kids all seemed happy and they certainly didn’t look like they were starving.”

A resident of the Rason area, who cannot be identified, said adults were entitled to 700g of rice per day and children 300g under the socialist state’s public distribution system.

“Everyone uses the market to buy everything,” he said. “This is allowed because we are in the Rason Special Economic Zone.”

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