Fri, Mar 26, 2010 - Page 4 News List

China scrambles to combat drought

SUFFERINGThe drought has affected millions of people and left about 5 million hectares barren in Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Chongqing and Guangxi


A villager carries water from a well that is not fit for human consumption, according to local media, for her cattle yesterday in the drought-hit Shilin County of Kunming in China’s Yunnan Province.


Emergency wells were being drilled and cloud-seeding operations carried out in southern China, where the worst drought in decades has left millions of people without water and caused more than 1,000 schools to close, officials said yesterday.

Provincial and national land resources bureau officials met in Kunming, capital of the hardest-hit province, Yunnan, to discuss details of deploying workers to dig wells and increase cloud seeding and other aid to people in need of drinking water, said a director at the Yunnan Land Resources Bureau, surnamed Ma.

“The situation here will get worse in the coming months before it gets any better, but hopefully with more wells and water being diverted to those in need, we can help ease the situation,” said Ma, who like many Chinese officials would give only his surname.

The drought, which has left southwestern China suffering since last year, has affected about 61 million people and left about 5 million hectares barren in Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Chongqing and Guangxi, the official Xinhua news agency cited the Ministry of Civil Affairs as saying.

For parts of Yunnan, it is the worst drought in a century, with about 5.4 million people facing water shortages, Ma said.

Workers there are drilling daily in hopes of digging 1,035 wells by the middle of May, with 52 already functioning and 288 under way, providing 20 percent of the needed drinking water, he said.

“Cloud seeding hasn’t been very successful, so even though we are drilling for wells and diverting water from dams to people in need, new areas will begin to suffer as long as there is no rain,” Ma said.

No details were given on the cloud-seeding efforts. China has been experimenting with weather modification for decades, using a technique known as cloud-seeding to induce rainfall, though international scientists say there has never been proof that such methods produce results.

China’s huge land mass means drought can occur in one region while others have record-breaking temperatures and severe storms that can cause floods. A massive sandstorm earlier this week covered Beijing and other cities in northern China in a layer of sand and grit.

Since late last year, mountainous Yunnan and its neighboring provinces have received little rainfall, causing 23.7 billion yuan (US$3.47 billion) in crop and livestock losses worth, Xinhua said.

Neighboring Guizhou Province has been hit with its worst drought in 80 years, while in Guangxi it is the worst in 50 years, a report posted on the National Flood Control and Drought relief Web site said.

In Guangxi, 1,100 schools were closed in the towns of Hechi and Baise this week Xinhua said.

“We’ve sent out teams to dig and drill for wells this week in regions that have been hardest hit in the province,” said an official who answered the phone at the Guangxi Land Resources Bureau, who refused to give his name.

In Guangxi, where sugar cane crops have perished and white sugar production is expected to decline this year, 67 producers have been forced to shut down, nearly double the number during the same period last year, Xinhua reported.

Military personnel have also been deployed to the disaster areas to transport water from Zhejiang in the east to Guizhou and Yunnan, state broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) said.

CCTV yesterday noon showed footage of soldiers unloading bottled drinking water from military trucks at a village in Yunnan.

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