Thousands of Brazil's Guarani-Kaiowa Indians were at further risk of malnutrition and starvation, and two young children died, after the government temporarily suspended food handouts this year, Amnesty International said on Friday.
The southwestern Mato Grosso do Sul state stopped distributing baskets of food staples to some 11,000 Guarani-Kaiowa on the Dourados reservation, about 1,300km west of Rio de Janeiro, in January when a new government was elected, the London-based human rights group said.
A nine-month-old baby and a two-year-old child died shortly afterward, the group said.
Rodrigo Oliveira, a spokesman for the National Health Foundation, or Funasa, said the suspension was recently lifted and that the foundation is now supplying food baskets to Indians for the state government. He did not say exactly how long the suspension lasted.
The Dourados reservation, measuring 3,500 hectares, is severely overcrowded, and many people rely on government food handouts, Amnesty said.
Under Brazil's 1988 Constitution, the government must return ancestral lands to the Indians after the current owners are compensated. But the indigenous communities say the landowners have been slow to hand over the lands, where many ranchers live.
Ranchers have challenged the expropriations in court.
Danilo Forte, executive director of Funasa, said on Friday that Indians under its care were expelled from their land and "dumped on a roadside," in another district of the state near the Paraguay border, where they live under "inhuman conditions."
Forte told Agencia Brasil that Funasa provides food and drinking water to the Indians, and confirmed that at least one child had died of malnutrition during the government's suspension of food baskets.
Until the 1940s, the Kaiowa and the related Guarani tribe roamed freely over about a quarter of Mato Grosso.
EVOLVING SITUATION: Of the latest cases, 23 percent were found to be asymptomatic, but the coronavirus strain in Da Nang is more contagious, authorities said A COVID-19 outbreak that began in the Vietnamese city of Da Nang more than a week ago has spread to at least four city factories with a combined workforce of about 3,700, state media reported yesterday. Four cases were found at the plants in different industrial parks in the central city that collectively employ 77,000 people, the Lao Dong newspaper said. Vietnam, praised widely for its decisive measures to combat the novel coronavirus since it first appeared in late January, is battling new clusters of infection having gone for more than three months without detecting any domestic transmissions. Authorities yesterday reported one new
Three Micronesian sailors stranded on a remote Pacific island have been found alive and well after a rescue team spotted their giant SOS message written into the sand on a beach. Australian and US military aircraft found the three men on tiny Pikelot island, nearly 200km west of where they had set off. Rescuers said that the men were “in good condition” with no significant injuries. The men had been missing for three days after their 7m skiff ran out of fuel and strayed off course. Authorities in the US territory of Guam raised the alarm on Saturday after the men failed to complete
A cat that went missing on a family holiday on the shores of Loch Lomond, Scotland, has been identified 12 years later. Tortoiseshell-and-white Georgie spent October half term in 2008 with her owners at the Rowardennan campsite, but vanished as they were due to return home to Greater Manchester, England. After a search of the site the Davies family departed without Georgie, hoping the three-year-old microchipped feline would be located by someone. Over the intervening 12 years, she remained close to the Queen Elizabeth Forest Park site, being fed and cared for by campsite staff and holidaymakers. After the COVID-19 pandemic hit and lockdown
LIFELONG LOSS: Jiro Hamasumi, who was not quite born when an atomic bomb hit Hiroshima, lost his father and other relatives, but said he thinks about his father daily As Japan marks 75 years since the devastating attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the last generation of nuclear bomb survivors is working to ensure their message lives on after them. The “hibakusha” — literally “person affected by the bomb” — have for decades been a powerful voice calling for the abolition of nuclear weapons. There are an estimated 136,700 left, many of whom were infants or soon to be born at the time of the attacks. The average age of a survivor now is a little over 83, according to the Japanese Ministry of Health, lending an urgency as they share their testimonies