Fri, Oct 20, 2006 - Page 5 News List

Feature: Bamiyan Buddhas could rise from the ashes

INTERNATIONAL EFFORT A multi-national force of UN experts are working round the clock in treacherous conditions to restore the famous statues, blown up in 2001

AFP , BAMIYAN, AFGHANISTAN

Afghan workers on Oct. 7 collect fragments from the larger of the two giant Buddhas destroyed by the Taliban in Bamiyan in 2001.

PHOTO: AFP

Like all Shiites, Afghanistan's Hazaras are waiting for the reappearance of the Mahdi, but those in the Bamiyan Valley are also hoping for the return of the ancient giant Buddhas torn down in 2001 by the Taliban government in a fit of iconoclastic rage.

At the foot of a cliff where the niches once inhabited by the statues are testimony to their once-towering grandeur, international teams gathered by the UN to repair the Buddhist relics are preparing to break camp for winter.

Where the larger Buddha once stood at 55m, workers under German supervision collect fragments, while an Italian team is at the site not far away of the 38m Buddha considered to have a more feminine face.

Between these two teams, Japanese experts are working on preserving what is left of murals adorning the walls of a network of caves, while Italian mountaineers are suspended from ropes slung over the smaller Buddha as they plug faults in the rock, embed steel anchors and install movement sensors.

"Bombs have created many fissures and it's very dangerous because it's very unstable," Italian engineer Gedeone Tonoli said.

The task was begun two years ago and is due to be completed before the year's work wraps up on Nov. 15, he said.

"After that temperatures fall below zero Celsius and we have problems with the machines," he said.

Because of the size and density of the statues, their destroyers deployed an enormous amount of explosives, some of which failed to detonate at the time and now present a daily hazard -- along with landmines left over from decades of war -- for the repair teams.

"Unfortunately we discover a lot of unexploded devices," said German architect Georgios Toubekis from the International Council on Monuments and Sites.

"Just recently we had two bombs of 250kg. One of them had to be exploded behind this field -- it took one week to pull it out carefully because it was heavily damaged. The other one luckily was more easy to take away," he said.

Because of this danger, no heavy machinery is allowed inside the larger niche and everything is done by hand, Toubekis said.

"The progress was very slow this year because of all these bomb findings," he said, describing the work as still in an emergency phase.

In front of the caves, Japanese specialists take down their scaffolding and seal the caves to protect the paintings, 80 percent of which were destroyed during the war, from animals that may stray inside.

"We can't stay in the caves -- it's very freezing, very cold," Yoko Taniguchi said.

That the murals were created with water-soluble paint further complicates preservation work, she said, because they are so easily damaged by the weather.

Bamiyan, some 200km northwest of Kabul, stands in a deep green and lush valley stretching 100km through central Afghanistan, on the former Silk Road that once linked China with Central Asia and beyond. It was a center of Buddhist scholarship and worship between the second and ninth centuries, before the coming of Islam.

In February 2001 Mullah Omar, head of the Taliban government then ruling Afghanistan, ordered the destruction of the Buddhas as idolatrous symbols.

The order for the destruction of the massive sandstone structures -- until then the largest standing Buddhist statues in the world -- led to an international outcry and calls for them to be spared for their historical significance if nothing else. But in vain.

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