Sun, Jul 04, 2004 - Page 7 News List

Sudan pledges aid to Darfur after sanctions threat

NO NONSENSE UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan visited the war-torn Darfur region with a simple message -- the violence has to stop and the Sudan government has to act


A Sudanese refugee mother on Friday hugs her malnourished baby at a hospital in camp Iridimi, eastern Chad. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has warned that even more refugees could flee fighting in Sudan's troubled Darfur region into Chad as heavy rains begin, further worsening the humanitarian situation.


Sudan's president has promised to send troops to stop militia violence that has forced 1 million people from their homes in the state of Darfur, a Sudanese official said after meeting with UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

The pledge on Friday came as the US raised the possibility of sanctions against Sudan if the government fails to act quickly to end attacks by Arab militias and to allow aid to reach displaced people.

Annan arrived in Khartoum after visiting Sudanese refugees at a camp in Chad on a tour aimed at pressing President Omar el-Bashir's government to end the 16-month conflict.

In particular, the UN chief wanted el-Bashir to make good on promises to disarm the Janjaweed, the militia blamed for attacks on thousands of black African villagers.

"My message is simple: violence must stop," Annan told reporters after meeting el-Bashir in a heavily guarded military headquarters. "The Janjaweed must be stopped and a ceasefire must be respected by all."

UN officials and human rights groups have accused the Sudanese government of backing the Arab militias in a campaign to violently expel African farmers from the nation's vast western region.

During tours of refugee camps inside Sudan and Chad, Annan said he learned firsthand of many human rights abuses, "including sexual violence against women."

But after Friday's talks, Annan said "now we have a commitment from President el-Bashir to remove all obstacles that face humanitarian action in Darfur."

US Secretary of State Colin Powell also visited Sudan this week and made clear to Khartoum leaders that the US is only willing to wait a "few weeks" for the government to act, said Andrew Natsios, head of the US Agency for International Development, who traveled with Powell.

"We're talking days, weeks, not months -- not a month -- to see whether or not they do what they said they would do," said acting US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Charles Snyder, who joined Natsios in briefing the UN Security Council in New York.

Sudanese Foreign Minister Mustafa Osman Ismail told reporters that 6,000 soldiers and police would be deployed in Darfur to improve security, but he did not say when.

"The priority now is for security, then the return of the displaced persons, and this is to go hand in hand with the political settlement," Ismail said.

UN officials have called the situation the world's worst humanitarian crisis, and Annan has said it "is bordering on ethnic cleansing."

Many Sudanese who have fled tell similar stories of airplanes dropping bombs and raiders on horseback who burn, kill and loot.

Thousands of people have been killed and more than a million forced from their homes, most taking shelter in makeshift camps with little access to clean water or proper sanitation.

The Sudanese government denies any complicity in the militia attacks and says the warring sides are clashing over land and scarce water resources.

The UN children's agency in Geneva said Friday that many young people from Darfur either had been victims of violence or were scarred by witnessing violent acts, including rape and murder.

"I spoke with scores of children, who simply tell what they have seen -- infants shot in front of them, parents gunned down in fields, mothers raped ... and people being forced to run for their lives with nothing," said Dan Toole, UNICEF's director of emergency operations.

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