An illustrated book that was two years in the making is seeking to give Taiwanese a different angle from which to view their nation by introducing readers to one of the island’s less well-known cultural elements: its rich tradition of folklore.
Taiwan Monsters (台灣妖怪地誌), created by a 37-year-old illustrator who goes by his nickname, Chiaos (角斯), and his group, focuses on the country’s rich, supernatural lore and features characters from Aboriginal legends alongside monsters invented by the book’s creators to explain natural phenomena.
Chiaos said he initiated the project partly out of his own artistic interest, but also in the hopes that the book’s subject matter will serve as a different lens through which to perceive Taiwan.
The illustrator, who is also a designer, said he came upon the idea for the book through a news report about an old man who died in a hotspring because the temperature of the water had gradually increased, instead of staying steady.
“I was puzzled when I heard the news, because if the hotspring became hotter gradually, the man should have had time to realize it and get out of the water, unless there were outside forces preventing him from doing so,” Chiaos said.
That thought led him to reminisce about all the supernatural stories from his childhood, such as the one explaining the parrot-shaped Yingge Rock in Taoyuan County’s Yingge Township (鶯歌), or Chiayi’s “Sun Shooting” legend chronicling the origins of the moon.
Legend has it that when Koxinga (國姓爺) passed through Yingge after defeating the Dutch, he encountered a miasma exhaled by a giant parrot and ordered his troops to shoot at the bird. According to the lore, the rock was formed by the bird’s body when it fell after its neck was broken by a cannonball.
The Sun Shooting legend tells the story of two suns that took turns cycling the heavens, subjecting the Aboriginal people living under them to perpetual daytime. In a bid to end their suffering, the Aborigines chose three warriors to carry three children on a quest to shoot one of the suns down, planting trees along the way to provide food for the returning generation.
The three children grew into adults during the journey and buried the old men who had carried them before slaying one of the suns, which then became the moon.
Chiaos said the trip down memory lane inspired him to start gathering information on supernatural folklore so he could bring the legends to life through his drawings, choosing to focus on monsters and creatures rather than spirits and ghosts, because he felt they are more closely tied to the local culture and geography that they originated from.
To make the illustrations look aged, Chiaos drew the pictures on wooden boards with acrylic and powder. He also illustrated ancient maps of Taiwan so readers can gain an idea of the terrain and geography of the time when the legends were born.
Chiaos included a lot of monsters in the book, such as the Aliakakay giants from Amis’ lore, who were said to have thickly matted hair and cat-like eyes, and abducted children to eat their innards.
He made the legend of the giants his own through the creation of the Meilun Mountain (美崙), which he drew with childish features due to its diet of children’s insides.
A proponent of the anti-nuclear movement, Chiaos also created a mutant creature off the shores of Kenting (墾丁) that he said was his vision of what a shark would mutate into after being exposed to the nuclear waste from the Ma-anshan (馬鞍山) Nuclear Power Plant in Pingtung County’s Henchung Township (恆春).