When President Chen Shui-bian (
Gradually phasing out nuclear power generation is the main idea behind implementing the Cabinet's Nuclear-free Homeland Project. By the end of 2001, the power-generation capacity of nuclear power plants accounted for 14.5 percent of Taiwan's total power-generation capacity.
However, existing goals and measures set by the Cabinet to seek alternative sources of electricity to fill the void after the nuclear power plants are decommissioned, imply that it could be a long and winding road to a nuclear-free dreamland.
The Cabinet's "Challenging 2008" program, a six-year plan to turn Taiwan into a regional economic and technological powerhouse, includes projects to build solar cities, wind farms and geothermal parks to promote renewable energy.
Early this year, the Cabinet vowed to have about 12 percent of the installed power supply capacity, amounting to about 6,500 megawatt, from renewable sources by 2020. Currently, renewable energy contributes only 4.1 percent to the country's power resources.
To triple the power generation capacity of renewable energy sources looks ambitious. However, conversion of the ambition into the percentage of total energy supply suggests that Taiwan has fallen far behind the global trend.
"Power generation is only part of energy consumption. If we see the promotion of renewable energy from the perspective of total energy supply, Taiwan's resolution remains insufficient," said Wang To-far (王塗發), one of convenors of the Clean Energy Promotion Group under the Cabinet's Nuclear-Free Homeland Commission.
According to the Energy Commission under the Ministry of Economic Affairs, when renewable energy is responsible for 12 percent of the country's power generation capacity, it will account for only 5 percent of the total energy supply.
Last year, a proposal that renewable energy accounts for up to 15 percent of global energy supply by 2010 was brought up at the UN World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in Johannesburg, South Africa.
"We have to push forward our target set for the year 2020 to about 2010 in order to prove Taiwan's resolution to adopt clean energy," said Wang, a professor of economics at the National Taipei University who participated in the summit.
Officials of the Energy Commission, however, said consensus was not reached on the global proposal presented at the summit.
Wang Yunn-ming (
He said that for those countries with abundant sources of renewable energy, such as hydraulic power, 15 percent or even 20 percent could be a reachable goal.
"However, it does not apply to Taiwan, which lacks sources of renewable energy," Wang said.
Wang said that having renewable energy contribute 12 percent of the country's power generation capacity by 2020 was an acceptable goal for Taiwanese energy experts.
"When promoting sustainable development, we need to avoid causing negative impact on the economy and society," Wang said.