Wed, Jul 04, 2012 - Page 10 News List

Do bald men face higher risk of prostate cancer?
禿頭男子 攝護腺癌風險較高?

Oakland University professor and prostate cancer expert Alvaro Martinez answers journalists’ questions in Spain on Jan. 27.
奧克蘭大學教授與攝護腺癌專家Alvaro Martinez一月二十七日在西班牙回答記者的提問。

Photo: EPA
照片:歐新社

Got hair? If you do not, you might have a higher risk of prostate cancer, a preliminary study suggests. Researchers are reporting that bald men who underwent biopsies of the prostate were more likely to have cancer than were those with more hair on their heads.

“Bald men should be aware that they may benefit from being screened earlier and perhaps, if necessary, from being biopsied sooner,” said study author Dr. Neil Fleshner, a professor of surgical urology at the University of Toronto. In the study, the more bald people were, the more likely they were to have prostate cancer. We’re 95 percent sure this is real.”

However, not all doctors are ready to embrace the study’s conclusions. The possible association between male pattern baldness and prostate cancer has been considered in previous studies.

Although the precise mechanism is not understood, researchers think male hormones known as androgens may play a role in both baldness and prostate cancer.

(Liberty Times)

有頭髮嗎?如果沒有,你的攝護腺癌風險可能較高,一份初步研究顯示。研究人員指出,接受攝護腺切片的禿頭男子,比頂上有較多毛髮的人更可能罹癌。

研究作者、多倫多大學泌尿外科教授佛雷希納說:「禿頭男子應該知道,他們或許能受益於提早篩檢,如有必要,及早接受切片也可能受益。在這份研究中,頭越禿,越可能有攝護腺癌,我們百分之九十五確定這是真的。」

但是,並非所有醫師都準備接受這份研究結論。雄性禿與攝護腺癌之間可能的關聯,過去已有研究中探討過。

雖然不了解確實機制,研究人員認為,男性荷爾蒙雄激素可能在導致禿頭與攝護腺癌上,都扮演角色。

(自由時報/翻譯:國際新聞中心)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. undergo v.

接受;經歷 (jie1 shou4; jing1 li4)

例: Cinema in Britain is undergoing a revival of popularity.

(英國的電影院人氣回溫。)

2. embrace v.

擁抱;接受 (yong3 bao4; jie1 shou4)

例: This is an opportunity that he should embrace.

(這是個他應接受的機會。)

3. mechanism n.

機制 (ji1 zhi4)

例: The mechanism for collecting taxes needs revising.

(收稅機制需要修訂。)


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