Southeast Asian nations see China’s installation of weapons systems in the South China Sea as “very unsettling” and have urged dialogue to stop an escalation of “recent developments,” the Philippines said yesterday.
The region’s foreign ministers were unanimous in their concern over China’s militarization of its artificial islands, but were confident a framework for a code of maritime conduct could be agreed with Beijing by June, Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs Perfecto Yasay said.
Yasay did not say what developments provoked the concern, but said ASEAN hoped China and the US would ensure peace and stability.
Photo: Malacanang via Reuters
He said that demilitarization would be a key component of any ASEAN-China code of conduct, but it was too soon to say whether Beijing’s dismantling of its weapons installations would be a prerequisite.
“The ASEAN members have been unanimous in their expression of concern about what they see as a militarization of the region,” Yasay told reporters after a ministers’ retreat on the Philippine island of Boracay.
Referring to China’s manmade islands in the Spratly archipelago (Nansha Islands, 南沙群島), Yasay said ASEAN members had “noticed, very unsettlingly, that China has installed weapons systems in these facilities that they have established, and they have expressed strong concern about this.”
With the Philippines chairing the bloc this year, Yasay’s comments signal a rare, firm position by a grouping that often struggles to achieve consensus, due to its contrasting opinions on how to respond to China’s assertiveness.
ASEAN’s statements of concern often avoid mentioning China by name.
Regional geopolitics has become more uncertain since the election of US President Donald Trump, particularly over his administration’s role in a region strongly courted by Washington during the “pivot” of former US president Barack Obama.
Friction between the US and China over trade and territory under Trump has fueled concern that the South China Sea could become a flashpoint.
China claims most of the waters, through which about US$5 trillion in ship-borne trade passes every year. Taiwan, Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam also have claims.
China on Friday completed war games with an aircraft carrier that unnerved neighbors.
A day later the US navy said its aircraft carrier strike group had started routine patrols in the South China Sea, a step China had warned against.
Yasay said ASEAN members recognized policies under Trump were still evolving, but hoped they could be unveiled within a few months to provide a “more concrete and clearer picture,” especially regarding China.
“We do not know the complete picture of what this foreign policy might be, insofar as its relationship with China is concerned. We’re, however, hopeful that the policy that would come out will be positive,” he said.
Asked if China was committed to a set of rules on the South China Sea, he said Beijing had shown it was keen.
However, all parties should ensure that the code, which has made little progress since the idea was agreed in 2002, needed to be legally “binding and enforceable,” Yasay added.
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