The second round of negotiations on a proposed economic cooperation framework agreement (ECFA) with China opened yesterday in Dasi (大溪), Taoyuan County, amid scuffles between police and protesters who accused the government of attempting to sell out Taiwan.
The first of the two-day negotiations yesterday focused on the “early harvest” items proposed for traded goods and services, as well as regulations on the labeling of product origin and the text of the proposed ECFA.
The “early harvest” list refers to a list of goods and services that will be subject to immediate tariff concessions or exemptions, which are expected to form the backbone of the proposed deal.
Bureau of Foreign Trade Director-General Huang Chih-peng (黃志鵬), the head of the Taiwanese delegation, said negotiations on the text were almost done, and the two sides would continue discussions on the early harvest items and product origin labels today.
“The two sides exchanged ideas and had deep discussions on the impact of an ECFA on industries on both sides. Our stances are getting closer, and we will continue the negotiations with sincerity and flexibility,” he said in a press briefing after a full-day of negotiation at Ta Shee Resort in Dasi.
Huang said the Taiwanese delegation reiterated its stance on limiting imports of Chinese agricultural products and not opening the market to Chinese workers.
Taiwan also stressed that it would not consider including traditional industries on the early harvest list and would protect the interests of small and medium businesses, he said.
Machinery, textiles, petrochemicals, as well as automobiles and related components, are expected to be on Taiwan's early harvest list. The two sides also discussed service businesses that could be included in the list.
Huang declined to comment whether the Taiwanese delegation made any compromises on the list during the negotiations. He said the delegation requested that China consider the difference in the scope of the markets and industries on both sides when negotiating items.
Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF) Vice Chairman Kao Koong-liang (高孔廉) said later yesterday during a dinner banquet for the Chinese delegation that Taiwan would make sure that traditional industries would not be affected after the ECFA is signed.
Tang Wei (唐煒), head of the Department of Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau under China's Ministry of Commerce, said the two sides would seek to reach consensus on the early harvest list based on the principle of “fast, easy and less” — dealing with easy issues before contentious ones, and limiting the scope of the early harvest list so that a consensus can be reached soon.
“[An] ECFA is neither a panacea nor a curse ... We will put the interests of the general public and local business into consideration in negotiating an ECFA,” he said.
Promoting the benefits of an ECFA, Tang said 271 free-trade agreements had been signed around the world but no country had been marginalized as a result of these pacts.
Early yesterday morning, about 100 protesters arrived from nearby towns and cities to protest outside the venue of the meeting, saying the controversial agreement would pave the way for eventual unification with China.
Hundreds of police officers — some in full riot gear — set up barricades and closed down roads, turning the quaint countryside resort into what some protesters likened to “a military camp.”