On the morning of April 20, 2000, Yeh Yung-chih (葉永鋕) asked his teacher to go to the bathroom before class ended. A few minutes later, his lifeless body was found on the bathroom floor in a pool of blood. He was only 15.
Born in 1985, Yeh was a student at Gaoshu Junior High School in Pingtung County’s Gaoshu Township (高樹) who had been constantly bullied by his schoolmates due to his alleged effeminate behavior.
“After he entered junior high, he told me that some bullies would seize him and pull his pants off in the school toilet,” recalled his mother, Chen Chun-ju (陳君汝), who described him as a nice, tender and considerate boy who liked to cook.
Chen repeatedly complained, but school officials did nothing. As a result, her son didn’t dare to enter the bathroom during recess. He usually did so five minutes before or after a break just to avoid harassment, or asked his friends to accompany him.
The Institute of Forensic Medicine under the Ministry of Justice concluded that Yeh died of severe brain injuries due to head trauma after suffering a heart attack and collapsing.
However, National Taiwan University’s College of Medicine disagreed, arguing that it was unlikely for a young and healthy boy to suddenly die of a heart attack since he did not have any medical history of heart problems.
In 2006, the Taiwan High Court’s Kaohsiung Branch sentenced the school’s principal and two school officials to five months, four months and three months, respectively, in prison for “neglecting the degree of care required by their occupation.”
But Yeh’s death has remained an unsolved mystery because there was no concrete evidence to show that his death was the result of bullying. Although nobody was convicted of murder, the long-term bullying that he had endured for almost three years almost certainly contributed to the tragedy. What happened to Yeh might never be known.
Embracing the Rose Boy (擁抱玫瑰少年), a book written in memory of Yeh by the Taiwan Gender Equity Education Association (台灣性別平等教育協會), was published by Fembooks Publishing House and Bookstore (女書文化公司) in 2006. The association coined the term “rose boy” to refer to boys with feminine gender characteristics, calling on people to respect such differences.
Following Yeh’s death, the Ministry of Education transformed its Gender Equality Education Committee (兩性平等教育委員會) — literally translated as “the committee of equality education of two sexes” in Chinese — into the broader Gender Equity Education Committee (性別平等教育委員會) to promote diverse gender education beyond the two gender stereotypes.
The government also enacted the Gender Equity Education Act (性別平等教育法) in 2004, stating that the “school shall provide a gender-fair learning environment, respect and give due consideration to students, faculty and staff with a different gender, gender temperament, gender identity and sexual orientation.”
Still, bias, discrimination and bullying continue to exist on and off campus across the nation.
THE DOCUMENTARY FILM
In November last year, director Hou Chi-jan (侯季然) released a documentary, The Rose Boy (玫瑰少年, www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_M9ZId2QAY), in tribute to Yeh.
Singer Jolin Tsai (蔡依林), an active supporter of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community, played the five-minute documentary at her Taipei concerts in November, as tens tens of thousands of fans were moved to tears.