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Sun, May 16, 2004 - Page 12 News List

Start-ups, tied up, try to kick-start themselves

Trapped inside large technology companies, former start-ups in Silicon Valley are attempting to regain their erstwhile lustre

NY TIMES NEWS SERVICE , LOS ANGELES

Silicon Valley is littered with hundreds of former start-ups trapped inside larger technology companies that are no longer happy with the ventures they snapped up in the acquisitions frenzy of the 1990s.

Now a pair of Silicon Valley-based venture capitalists have opened an unusual US$250 million fund intended to buy and rehabilitate such companies, which Terry Garnett, one of the two founders, calls "the orphaned and the unloved."

In some cases, the best candidate for running the newly freed company may turn out to be its original creator.

"We've heard from a number of founders," Garnett said, "who told us, `Gosh, we sold our business four years ago, and now our baby has been all screwed up and we want it back.'"

The new fund, called Garnett & Helfrich Capital, is expected to occupy a long-needed niche within the technology universe's constellation of venture partnerships and private equity groups.

Other entities, like Francisco Partners and Silver Lake Partners, specialize in technology buyouts, but they usually focus on deals priced in the hundreds of millions. Garnett & Helfrich intends to concentrate on deals, generally under US$50 million, too small for these multibillion-dollar firms.

Traditional venture capital outfits sometimes participate in these kinds of deals, sometimes called "carve-outs," but only sporadically and often in partnership with others.

"There aren't a lot of venture guys doing tech carve-outs, and none are specializing in it," said Allan Thygesen, a managing director in the Carlyle Group's American-based venture capital fund. "It's sort of a forgotten area."

Venture capitalists, Thygesen and others said, are by temperament far more interested in untested, fledgling companies that stir hopes of striking it rich with a new idea rather than those already freighted with baggage.

Garnett was in his prior job as a general partner at Venrock Associates, the venture arm of the Rockefeller family, when he experienced what he described as his "a-ha" moment. Along with a partner from Doll Capital Management, he was poised to co-invest in a new software company that would cloak e-mail messages and instant messaging from everyone but the intended recipient. But then Garnett and his fellow venture capitalist learned that Network Associates, the computer security company, was looking to sell a unit called PGP, which stands for Pretty Good Privacy, with a similar product already on the market.

PGP was a proven technology with a sizable customer base. It was also one of more than 40 companies Network Associates bought over three years starting in 1997 -- US and one of many acquisitions it was actively seeking to shed after hiring a new chief executive at the start of 2001.

Venrock and Doll Capital purchased PGP in August 2002 for "significantly less" than the US$36 million Network Associates paid for it five years earlier, said Phillip Dunkelberger, the company's original chief executive and once again in charge of PGP.

"That was a real proof of concept for me," Garnett said. "We were able to recast the product and be cash-flow positive six months after buying it."

In February last year, Garnett and David Helfrich, then a general partner at ComVentures, met for breakfast at Il Fornaio, a popular restaurant in Palo Alto, California. The two knew each other casually but had grown closer through their daughters, who enjoyed riding horseback in Woodside, Caliornia. There, Garnett told Helfrich about PGP.

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