Sun, Sep 27, 2015 - Page 14 News List

Korean webtoons intrigue Belgium’s comic artists

By Philippe Siuberski  /  AFP, BRUSSELS

A woman looks at an exhibition on South Korean and Belgian comic strip artists at the Korean Cultural Center in Brussels on Sept. 10.

Photo: AFP

Belgium has long been a leading exponent of the traditional printed comic book, but a recent exhibition of South Korean “webtoons” has caused soul-searching in the land of Tintin and The Smurfs.

The animated online comics, which are wildly popular in South Korea, have made some Belgian artists wonder whether they might be falling behind the times after a long period of global success.

The Belgian-Korean Comics Exhibition running until the end of next month at the Korean Cultural Center in Brussels offers a chance to compare the old and the new forms, with clips of webtoons being shown on screens.

Belgian comic artist Bernard Yslaire, whose works include the fanciful saga Sambre and the romantic series Bidouille et Violette, said South Korean readers were trendsetters.

“That’s [webtoons] all they read. It’s very rare in Korea to publish comic books,” said Yslaire, whose originals are on show at the exhibition.

“But that really grabs me. It’s been 15 years that I have been trying to do the same thing. Everyone knows that [South] Korea is the future, but we have the weight of the past,” he added.

Center director Chung Hae-tal said that South Koreans are now massive consumers of webtoons.

“People are watching this everywhere in South Korea,” he said.

Webtoons, sometimes known as web comics, are published online and are usually accessible for free on smartphones or tablets. They combine fixed and moving images, changing colors, special effects, sound and music.

And what works well in Seoul is now being exported, with some leading webtoons being published in English-language versions.

Yet the traditional printed comic book became what the French-speaking academic world dubs the “Ninth art form” thanks in large part to Belgian artists like Herge, who produced Tintin, and Peyo, who gave the world The Smurfs, small blue creatures who live in mushroom-shaped houses in the forest.

And old-fashioned comic books remain enormously popular in Belgium. A comic book festival at the start of the month in Brussels drew up to 100,000 fans, enticed by the opportunity to meet artists or take part in creative workshops.

In South Korea, comic strips known as manhwa first surfaced in 1909 under the Japanese occupation, with the aim of stirring people against imperialist rule, exhibition organizers said.

In the mid-1960s, people started flocking to manhwabang — libraries and private rooms where they could read manhwa. A decade later, the historic graphic novel dominated until a wave of Japanese manga comics invaded South Korea in the 1980s.

South Korean artists reacted by creating comics about sexuality, everyday violence and other adult themes and distributed their work on the Internet and eventually via smartphones.

Both Belgian authors and their South Korean counterparts say they find similar sources of inspiration, often from everyday life.

For example, the Brussels exhibition features pages from A Couple’s Story, a graphic novel by South Korean author Hong Yeon-sik, about a comic artist who decides to leave the big city with his wife and settle in the countryside.

For French-speaking readers, this immediately brings to mind the comic book Return to Earth by Manu Larcenet and Jean-Yves Ferri — but the book is completely unknown in South Korea.

“Never heard of it,” a smiling Hong said.

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