Indian authorities on Monday canceled more than 500 train services because of calls for protests by young men angry with a military recruitment plan that they say would rob them of the opportunity of a career in the armed forces.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government last week unveiled the plan called Agnipath, or “path of fire,” aimed at bringing more people into the military on short, four-year contracts to lower the average age of the nation’s 1.38 million-strong armed forces.
Analysts say the scheme will also help cut burgeoning pension costs.
However, the protesters say it will deprive them of the opportunity of a permanent job in the military, and with it a guaranteed pension, other allowances and social status.
Leaders of the opposition Congress Party met Indian President Ram Nath Kovind to seek withdrawal of the scheme.
“Given the situation on our borders, it is imperative that we have soldiers in our armed forces who are young, well-trained, motivated, happy, satisfied and assured of their future,” they said in a memorandum submitted to the president.
India shares often-tense borders with Pakistan and China.
However, top defense officials on Sunday said the plan was aimed at modernizing the forces and would not be withdrawn, despite protests by many thousands of young men who have attacked and torched trains, and clashed with police since last week.
One person has been killed and police have arrested more than 300 protesters.
The Indian Ministry of Railways said in statement more than 500 trains had been called off on Monday in view of calls for protest strikes.
In the eastern city of Kolkata, a protester held a placard with the message “Boycott Agnipath” and demanded that the plan be scrapped.
“I want the defense ministry to stop this experiment. I need a secure job and they have no right to offer temporary arrangements,” the young man told a television news channel.
Under the scheme, 46,000 cadets are to be recruited this year on four-year terms and 25 percent of them will be kept on after the four years.
Hiring starts this month.
In a bid to end the protests, the government has adjusted parts of the plan to offer more soldiers federal and state government jobs after their service.
One policy analyst said a key part of the plan was aimed at reducing government expenditure on pensions.
“The Agnipath scheme will reduce the life-time cost of manpower by several crore [tens of millions] rupees per head,” Nitin Pai, director of the Takshashila Institution center for research on public policy, wrote in the Mint newspaper.
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