SARS-CoV-2 and its restrictions are pushing already hungry communities over the edge, killing an estimated 10,000 more young children a month, or 128,000 more over the first 12 months of the virus, as meager farms are cut off from markets and villages are isolated from food and medical aid, the UN said on Monday.
In the call to action shared with The Associated Press ahead of publication, four UN agencies warned that growing malnutrition would have long-term consequences, transforming individual tragedies into a generational catastrophe.
Hunger is already stalking Haboue Solange Boue, an infant from Burkina Faso who lost half her former body weight of 2.5kg in just a month.
Coronavirus restrictions closed the markets, and her family sold fewer vegetables. Her mother was too malnourished to nurse.
“My child,” Danssanin Lanizou whispered, choking back tears as she unwrapped a blanket to reveal her baby’s protruding ribs.
More than 550,000 additional children each month are being struck by what is called wasting, according to the UN — malnutrition that manifests in spindly limbs and distended bellies.
Over a year, that is up 6.7 million from last year’s total of 47 million. Wasting and stunting can permanently damage children physically and mentally.
“The food security effects of the COVID crisis are going to reflect many years from now,” WHO Department of Nutrition for Health and Development Director Francesco Branca said. “There is going to be a societal effect.”
From Latin America to South Asia to sub-Saharan Africa, more poor families than ever are staring down a future without enough food.
In April, World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Director David Beasley said that the coronavirus economy would cause global famines “of biblical proportions” this year.
There are different stages of what is known as food insecurity; famine is officially declared when, along with other measures, 30 percent of the population suffers from wasting.
The WFP estimated in February that one Venezuelan in three was already going hungry, as inflation rendered salaries nearly worthless and forced millions to flee abroad. Then the virus arrived.
“Every day we receive a malnourished child,” said Francisco Nieto, who works in a hospital in the Venezuelan border state of Tachira.
In May, after two months of quarantine, 18-month-old twins arrived with bodies bloated from malnutrition, Nieto said.
The children’s mother was jobless and living with her own mother. She told the doctor she fed them only a simple drink made with boiled bananas.
By the time the doctor saw them, it was too late: One boy died eight days later.
The leaders of four UN agencies — the WHO, UNICEF, the WFP and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) — have called for at least US$2.4 billion immediately to address global hunger.
However, even more than lack of money, restrictions on movement have prevented families from seeking treatment, said Victor Aguayo, the head of UNICEF’s nutrition program.
“By having schools closed, by having primary healthcare services disrupted, by having nutritional programs dysfunctional, we are also creating harm,” Aguayo said.
He cited as an example the near-global suspension of vitamin A supplements, which are a crucial way to bolster developing immune systems.
In Afghanistan, movement restrictions prevent families from bringing their malnourished children to hospitals for food and aid just when they need it most.
The Indira Gandhi hospital in the capital, Kabul, has seen only three or four malnourished children, specialist Nematullah Amiri said, adding that last year, there were 10 times as many.
Because the children do not come in, there is no way to know for certain the scale of the problem, but a recent study by Johns Hopkins University indicated an additional 13,000 Afghans younger than five could die.
Afghanistan is now in a red zone of hunger, with severe childhood malnutrition spiking from 690,000 in January to 780,000 — a 13 percent increase, UNICEF said.
In Yemen, restrictions on movement have blocked aid distribution, along with the stalling of salaries and price hikes. It is suffering further from a fall in remittances and a drop in funding from aid agencies.
Yemen is now on the brink of famine, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network, which uses surveys, satellite data and weather mapping to pinpoint places most in need.
Some of the worst hunger still occurs in sub-Saharan Africa. In Sudan, 9.6 million people live from one meal to the next — a 65 percent increase from the same time last year.
Lockdowns across Sudanese provinces, as around the world, have dried up work and incomes for millions. With inflation hitting 136 percent, prices for basic goods have more than tripled.
“It has never been easy but now we are starving, eating grass, weeds, just plants from the earth,” said Ibrahim Youssef, director of the Kalma camp for internally displaced people in south Darfur.
Adam Haroun, an official in the Krinding camp in west Darfur, recorded nine deaths linked with malnutrition, otherwise a rare occurrence, over the past two months — five newborns and four older adults.
Before the pandemic and lockdown, the Abdullah family ate three meals a day, sometimes with bread, or they would add butter to porridge.
Now they are down to just one meal of “millet porridge” — water mixed with grain.
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