The party of Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak has won two parliamentary by-elections in a landslide, further strengthening his rule despite corruption allegations.
Najib’s United Malays National Organization (UMNO) retained the Sungai Besar seat in central Selangor State and Kuala Kangsar in northern Perak State in the elections on Saturday with much larger majorities. The elections were triggered after the deaths of the incumbents in a helicopter crash.
The victory was expected due to a fractured opposition, as well as the ruling coalition’s well-oiled machinery and money. Voters in the two rural constituencies are mostly ethnic Malays, the bedrock of support for Najib’s party.
Najib said the victory showed that the public rejected “politically motivated slander” against his government.
Last month, he also secured a major win for the coalition in a state election.
“This will significantly strengthen his position in UMNO. Najib can claim that he can lead the party and the coalition to electoral victories despite all the scandals,” said James Chin, director of the Asia Institute at Australia’s University of Tasmania.
Najib has been grappling with accusations of corruption and mismanagement over allegations that hundreds of millions of dollars had been channeled into his accounts from an indebted state fund.
Under pressure to resign, Najib has denied the money came from state investment fund 1MDB.
The government cleared him in January, saying the money was a donation from the Saudi royal family and that Najib had returned most of it. The explanation was met with widespread skepticism.
The fund, which Najib started in 2009, is still mired in debt and is being investigated in several countries for embezzlement. A Malaysian parliamentary inquiry recently found massive unexplained payments and called for a police investigation of the fund’s former head.
Chin said Saturday’s victories also showed the waning influence of former Malaysian prime minister Mahathir Mohamad, who has campaigned against Najib. Mahathir has been a fierce critic of Najib over the 1MDB scandal and has quit the Malay party.
Chin said the big win could prompt Najib to call early elections to secure his position.
General elections are not due until 2018.
Support for the ruling National Front coalition, which has been in power in Malaysia since independence from Britain in 1957, has eroded in the past two general elections. In 2013, it lost the popular vote for the first time.
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