British Prime Minister David Cameron on Saturday condemned his country’s long-standing policy of multiculturalism as a failure, saying it was partly to blame for fostering Islamist extremism.
In a speech to the Munich Security Conference, Cameron said many young British Muslims were drawn to violent ideology because they found no strong collective identity in Britain.
Signaling a marked change in policy towards ethnic and religious minorities, he urged a “more active, muscular liberalism” where equal rights, the rule of law, freedom of speech and democracy were actively promoted.
“If we are to defeat this threat, I believe it’s time to turn the page on the failed policies of the past,” he told the conference during a panel discussion attended by German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
His remarks sparked a chorus of condemnation at home, with the Muslim Council of Britain expressing anger that the Muslim community was still being treated “as part of the problem as opposed to part of the solution.”
Many criticized his timing, on the day that 2,000 members of the far-right English Defence League (EDL) held a rally in Luton to protest against the spread of Islam in Britain.
Labour Party Member of Parliament Sadiq Khan accused him of “writing propaganda for the EDL.”
Cameron’s speech echoed comments made by Merkel last year, when she also called multiculturalism a failure, saying Germany had not devoted enough attention to the integration of immigrants.
“Under the doctrine of state multiculturalism, we have encouraged different cultures to live separate lives, apart from each other and the mainstream,” Cameron said.
“All this leaves some young Muslims feeling rootless. And the search for something to belong to and believe in can lead them to this extremist ideology,” he said.
The response, he said, should be “a lot less of the passive tolerance of recent years and much more active, muscular liberalism.”
“A passively tolerant society says to its citizens: as long as you obey the law, we will leave you alone. It stands neutral between different values,” he said. “A genuinely liberal country does much more. It believes in certain values and actively promotes them.”
Cameron was careful to distinguish between Islam the religion and the political ideology of Islamist extremism.
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