Bosnian Serbs, Muslims and Croats voted mostly along ethnic party lines in a local election on Sunday, keeping them in power some 13 years after the war, preliminary results showed early yesterday.
“If this trend continues, the parliamentary election in 2010 will be an ethnic census of the population,” said Asim Mujkic, a political science professor at Sarajevo University.
The overall turnout was 55 percent in the ethnically divided country, where more than 3 million people registered to vote for city councils and mayors in the two autonomous regions created after the 1992 to 1995 war, as well as in the neutral Brcko district.
Voters in small towns and rural areas turned out in big numbers, while those in major cities largely abstained. The turnout in Sarajevo was less than 40 percent, with a similar trend in the towns of Tuzla, Zenica and Banja Luka.
Analysts said many city dwellers ignored the vote because they were fed up with nationalist rhetoric and an absence of fresh political programs.
“Voters are tired, apathetic, some even disgusted with politics in general. They do not see a new political force on the stage that could offer some quality solutions,” political analyst Tanja Topic said from Banja Luka.
The biggest victory was scored by the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD) of Bosnian Serb Prime Minister Milorad Dodik, which swept to power in a parliamentary election in Bosnia’s Serb Republic in 2006.
The SNSD more than doubled its number of mayors in the Serb region, incomplete results indicated.
“We totally defeated our political opponents,” Dodik said, declaring the victory.
The election commission said 19 municipalities had failed to deliver results in time.
The nationalist Serb Democratic Party, founded by indicted genocide suspect Radovan Karadzic, was the second strongest party in the Serb Republic.
“Our people like to vote for sure winners,” said Banja Luka-based civic activist Aleksandar Trifunovic. “They have known their favorites even before the campaign began.”
More than 29,000 candidates from 72 political parties and dozens of coalitions and independent lists competed for 140 mayors in 78 municipalities in the Muslim-Croat federation and 62 in the Serb Republic.
In the Muslim-Croat federation, the main Muslim Party of Democratic Action (SDA) won the biggest number of mayoral posts, preliminary results indicated.
Observers say that the SDA gained the votes from the Party for Bosnia-Herzegovina of presidency member Haris Silajdzic, whom Muslim voters increasingly see as a force who, along with Dodik, has delayed the country’s progress through constant rivalry.
In the Croat-held areas of the federation, the Croatian Democratic Union confirmed its dominance in 15 Croat-held towns, the incomplete results showed.
The multi-ethnic Social Democratic Party won nine mayoral posts in several cities, including two Sarajevo municipalities.
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