School bullying is thought to increase an individual’s tendency to be in a negative emotional state, fall into substance abuse or even commit suicide later in life, but such painful experiences could be prevented via analysis of each student’s “social network position” in the classroom and timely intervention, according to research published in the latest issue of the Taiwan Journal of Public Health.
In the paper, Chung Shan Medical University’s School of Public Health assistant professor Chiang Yi-chen (江宜珍) and her student Lin Yu-jung (林妤容) analyzed a 2010 survey conducted by the then-National Science Council among junior-high school students nationwide to gauge the connection between different types of bullying and health problems.
The survey asked the students to list the names of no more than three classmates to whom they would turn when feeling upset, and whether and how often they have been subjected to verbal bullying, harmful treatments or acts of exclusion.
The pair randomly selected the results from 2,474 students from 83 classrooms in schools around the nation.
They then categorized the students into five social network statuses based on the numbers of friendship nominations received, called “indegree,” and nominations given, called “outdegree” — isolates receive zero and give zero nominations; sources receive zero, but give more than one nominations; sinks receive more than one, but give zero nominations; liaisons receive more than two and give more than two nominations and clique members, a category for those who do not belong to any of the first four groups.
Cross-analysis of the results showed that while young boys are more likely to be bullied, students with lower indegree are generally more prone to verbal and physical bullying.
Sources are more susceptible to name-calling and harmful treatment, while isolates are at a higher risk of being physically bullied and socially excluded, the research showed.
However, compared with “clique members,” those with liaison status have a higher chance of exclusion, presumably as the result of “guilt by association,” the paper said.
“The analysis showed that through understanding each student’s levels of indegree and outdegree, teachers can realize their social network status in the classroom and determine the types of preventive measures they can take to protect students from bullying,” it said.
CLEAR BEFORE LEAVING: Two baby boys and a woman in her 30s tested negative before departing for Japan, but tests taken after their arrival came back postive Three Taiwanese tested positive for COVID-19 when they arrived in Japan earlier this month, the Central Epidemic Command Center (CECC) said yesterday as it reported a new imported case. Minister of Health and Welfare Chen Shih-chung (陳時中), head of the center, said that one of the three cases in Japan is a Taiwanese baby under the age of one, whose parents work in Japan. The infant came to Taiwan with his parents in January, and the parents paid for the family’s COVID-19 tests on Oct. 10 ahead of their planned return to Japan on Monday last week, he said. The boy and his
‘BACKED BY ENEMY’: CTi News is one of the few channels promoting unification, the New Party chairman said, while pro-Taiwan groups called it a propaganda outlet Pan-blue camp supporters yesterday lodged a protest at the National Communications Commission (NCC) against what they say is a possible move by the government to shut down CTi News, adding that politics should not interfere with freedom of the press. Protesters included representatives from the New Party, the Blue Sky Action Alliance, the 333 Political Party Alliance and other pan-blue groups. “We stand here today because CTi News is one of the few media outlets in Taiwan that is still willing to give groups supporting unification with China a voice. If the news channel is gone, there would only be
NEW YEAR’S EVE: Examples from South Korea and Japan show that 15 local COVID-19 infections could emerge in a short period if measures are not taken The Taipei City Government would cancel its New Year’s Eve Party and all large events if 15 or more confirmed cases of COVID-19 are reported in the city within a week, Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je (柯文哲) said yesterday. Addressing the Taipei Cross Border E-Commerce Annual Convention, Ko said the COVID-19 pandemic has brought many uncertainties to society, and that e-commerce is on a path of no return and would continue to grow. Many countries have not effectively controlled their COVID-19 outbreaks, and although Taiwan implements strict border controls and there have been few inbound passengers, the pandemic is unlikely to end soon,
The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) yesterday accused CTi News of trying to mislead the public by publishing a half-page advert claiming that the party interfered in the National Communications Commission’s (NCC) review of its application for a license renewal. CTi News is distorting the commission’s review process by painting it as a political conflict and turning it into a smear campaign against the DPP, party spokeswoman Yen Juo-fang (顏若芳) said. “The NCC is an independent body, which carries out reviews and makes decisions based on its members’ professional expertise, as well as regulations and legal requirements governing media operations,” Yen said. “We condemn