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對許多人而言，雞蛋是生活上不可或缺的食物，不論是早餐三明治內的煎蛋、或是晚餐便當中的滷蛋，台灣人對雞蛋的需求量極大，根據統計，台灣人每年吃掉七十幾億顆蛋，是全世界雞蛋消耗量第一的國家。去年冬天開始禽流感侵襲全世界，全台雞蛋也受波及，嚴重缺貨，許多民眾排隊還不一定搶得到雞蛋，不只是大賣場與雜貨店，甚至早餐店都面臨了「缺蛋」的問題。全台面臨「蛋蛋危機」，政府也開始提出更多配套措施來應付目前缺蛋的窘況。本次就讓我們從「蛋荒」的議題來學各種描述社會現象及數據的英文吧！ ========== 如何描述蛋荒？ 一般講到「短缺」時，最常用shortage來形容，如去年的water shortage「缺水」、electricity／power shortage「缺電」。而現在全台面臨的就是一個egg shortage「蛋荒」。 Taiwan’s daily egg demand is about 24 million, while its daily production capacity during the shortage has been about 22.6 million eggs. （台灣每日的雞蛋需求約2,400萬顆，缺貨期間僅約2,260萬顆雞蛋。） shortage和shortfall的差別在於shortfall指的是「不足的（量）、缺額、短少的量」，簡單來說，fall short of…就是「短缺…」的意思。 Our sales have fallen short of the target set by the department. （我們的銷售額沒有達到部門設定的標準。） insufficient insufficient (adj)「不足，短少」在TOEIC測驗中經常出現，deficit (n)則可以解釋為「赤字、虧損」。 The bank just informed us that there were insufficient funds to make the transfer. （銀行剛通知我們帳戶資金不足以轉帳。） 另一個較難的單字是scarcity (n)「缺乏、不足、稀少」，形容詞為scarce (adj)。 The government decided to import eggs from other countries to address the scarcity. （政府決定從其他國家進口雞蛋來應付短缺的問題。） 「蛋蛋危機」？ 造成這次蛋荒的原因究竟為何？根據報導，本次導致「蛋蛋危機」背後的因素相當複雜，從飼料價格上漲、日夜溫差大導致母雞致死率高、到禽流感肆虐等，都是引起缺蛋的主要原因。 The cold weather has been to blame, for some, and for others, the impact of avian influenza, climate instability, and rising international prices for materials. （天氣寒冷、禽流感、氣候不穩定以及國際原物料價格上漲都是罪魁禍首。） instability (n)「不穩定」，相反字為stability (n)、stable(adj)「穩定」，都是多益測驗高頻出現的單字。 Maintaining stability in the Taiwan Strait is important
Global population hits 8 billion 全球人口突破八十億！ Humanity reached a milestone in November last year, when the global population exceeded eight billion people. Reaching this number means people are living longer, with generally better access to healthcare, food and sanitation than previous generations. Along with passing this milestone, many demographic changes are expected to occur in the coming years. A United Nations report shows that the world’s population will increase to around 9.7 billion people by the year 2050. It is predicted to peak three decades later at approximately 10.4 billion people and stay around this number until the end of the century. What’s interesting to note is
The Arctic is not known for its abundance. On the contrary, people often think of it with a shiver, not only because of the brutal cold, but also because of the apparent lack of all forms of life. However, for the indigenous people of the area, including the “Inuit,” the Arctic has always been a place that provides for them. Despite conflicts with invaders and governmental persecution, Inuit culture has continued to connect people to the land — but climate change now threatens to undo that. For millennia, Inuit have lived and hunted on the ice in regions that are
James is surfing the Internet for lessons. 詹姆斯正在上網搜尋課程。 必備單字 1. experience v.經歷；n.經驗（國中基本1200字） 2. offer v.提供 （國中挑戰800字） 實用字詞 1. PE (Physical Education) class 體育課 2. voucher 現金券 3. ASAP (as soon as possible) 盡快 閱讀技巧： 將長句分成短字詞，以利閱讀 Become a member／of fUN Learning,／and choose the courses／you like. 成為一個會員／「fUN Learning」的／並且選擇課程／你喜歡。 斷句練習： If you have questions, you can also ask our online teachers. 解答: If you have questions,／you can also／ask our online teachers. 假如你有問題，／你也可以／ 問我們的線上老師。 考題練習： TOEIC Bridge測驗 X 國中會考題型 1. Which is true? (A) fUN Learning is a school. (B) fUN Learning is for students only. (C) You can learn from fUN Learning at midnight. 2. What does “them” in the text refer to? (A) The members. (B) The courses. (C) The questions. 3. James bought three