Most of us know someone great at telling jokes. It takes exceptional talent, however, to become a successful stand-up comedian. These people stand up on stage with just a microphone and try their hardest to get as many __1__ from the audience as possible.
In countries like the US and the UK, top stand-up comedians are among the best-known celebrities. Most focus on a specific type of comedy in their act. One of the most common is observational comedy, __2__ jokes are made about aspects of everyday life. Another is political satire, which makes fun of people in politics.
Early versions of stand-up comedy date back to the 19th century. However, the style that people are familiar with today — one person standing before an audience telling jokes— started __3__ in the 1930s. In the 1970s and 1980s, special comedy clubs like The Laugh Factory and the Comedy Cellar began appearing in cities.
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As early as the 1960s, however, stand-up comedians had been performing regularly on late-night television talk shows, such as The Tonight Show. This development was __4__ in introducing stand-up comedy to a much wider audience, enabling people who had never seen a live show to enjoy this unique form of entertainment.
These days, it’s common for performers to have their act filmed and __5__ on video streaming services. And while stand-up comedy, like jazz and rock music, is primarily an American art form, other countries and cultures have warmly embraced it.
What Did You Learn?
1. (A) tears (B) laughs
(C) signs (D) frowns
2. (A) when (B) how
(C) why (D) where
3. (A) building confidence
(B) causing offense
(C) gaining popularity
(D) raising awareness
4. (A) influential (B) optimistic (C) sensitive (D) ridiculous
5. (A) deposited (B) released (C) scattered (D) furnished
1.(B) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (A) 5. (B)
Word in Use
1. exceptional a. 非凡的，卓越的
Alex showed an exceptional talent in art at a very young age.
2. comedian n. 喜劇演員
The comedian is known for mimicking the voices of several celebrities.
3. celebrity n. 名人
The media seems to monitor everything that celebrities say and do.
4. aspect n. 層面、方面
The older generation tends to be more conservative in many aspects.
5. version n. 版本
The novel has been adapted into a shorter version for children to read.
1. try one’s hardest to V 盡某人最大的努力做…
I will try my hardest to make sure the show is a success.
2. focus on 專注、著重於 = concentrate on
It was so noisy outside that I couldn’t focus on my studies.
3. make fun of... 開…玩笑，取笑…
Tina was upset because her classmates made fun of her new hairstyle.
4. date back to + 時間點／時期
The history of this castle dates back to the early 15th century.
5. be familiar with... 熟悉…
Jack isn’t familiar with the company rules yet.
The humble baguette — the crunchy ambassador for French baking around the world — is being added to the UN’s list of intangible cultural heritage as a cherished tradition to be preserved by humanity. The French staple has been deemed eligible to join UNESCO’s “Intangible Cultural Heritage” list, an award given to practices or traditions that have been passed down from generation to generation. It includes rituals, performing arts, traditional crafts, and specific food dishes. UNESCO, which is part of the UN, said in a statement on Wednesday last week that baguettes held cultural importance given the “artisanal know-how” needed to
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Beethoven: Energy-saving music 「貝多芬」讓你開車更省電！ Nowadays, many people are trying to lead more energy-efficient lives to protect the environment. One particularly useful thing people can do is purchase an electric car. Most people are aware that electric cars are far more energy-efficient than traditional fuel-burning cars. However, __1__ they may not realize is that once they have bought an electric car, the music they listen to while driving also affects their energy consumption. An experiment __2__ by a South Korean car manufacturer in 2022 invited a number of drivers to drive their new electric cars. The company asked the drivers, who were all new to electric
As you wander along the promenade that follows the Singapore River, you peer into the distance and catch a glimpse of a mysterious creature. As you move closer, you realize this glorious white monument is not quite a lion and not exactly a mermaid. With the head of a lion and the body of a fish, this magnificent statue is none other than the Merlion. Standing erect on the pier of Merlion Park, with massive skyscrapers in the background, the Merlion has become synonymous with Singapore. The Merlion was devised in 1964 by Alec Fraser-Brunner for the Singapore Tourism Board with