John Eromosele recorded the coordinates of a bustling canal on his smartphone from aboard a dug-out canoe navigating the floating slum of Makoko in Nigerian megacity of Lagos.
The waterway is “like a boulevard, there’s always traffic here,” the computer coding specialist said as other boats jostled for space between rows of wooden houses on stilts.
Officially, Makoko does not exist. Its estimated 300,000 inhabitants — no one knows for sure how many — and their ramshackle homes do not appear on any city development plans or maps.
Code for Africa, a South Africa-based non-governmental organization, wants to change that. It wants to help bring badly needed services to Makoko by literally putting the slum on the map.
“Most of the streets here don’t have names, and our houses don’t have numbers. Sometimes, you can find up to 50 people using the same number,” said Chief Albert Jeje, one of Makoko’s five traditional rulers. “Who cares about poor people like us? ... Government officials never come to visit us.”
Makoko is dubbed “the Venice of Africa” by some, but its similarity with the romantic Italian city is minimal. Waste floats on the surface of Makoko’s black waters, and visitors choke on the fumes of diesel-fueled generators and wood-smoked fish.
With no administration, the huge labyrinth of waterways has no mains electricity or piped drinking water, no public schools, no hospital, no police station.
The mapping project was launched in September with funding from the US-based Pulitzer Center and a non-profit organization called Humanitarian OpenStreetMap, which uses free, open-source software.
The scheme enlists young slum-dwellers to pilot drones and then use the information they collect to map what is a black hole at the heart of Nigeria’s economic hub.
“This is a new tool that can allow international organizations or local authorities to intervene to improve access to basic services — health and water, for example,” said Jacopo Ottaviani, one of the project leaders.
Like Lagos, with its 20 million inhabitants, the fishing village that sprang up on the site at the end of the 19th century has relentlessly grown, edging into the sea.
In the first stage of the project, drones would take about 1,000 aerial images of the area, to be stitched together by coding specialists like Eromosele to form one larger picture.
Code for Africa selected six young women from the slum to fly the drones and index the data to make an initial version of the map. Other community members would also be able to add content over time.
Clutching her smartphone, one of the volunteers noted the location of a cassava-processing plant on stilts using Code for Africa’s specially developed mapping app.
A little farther on, Abigail, 24, marked down a butcher specializing in dog meat, and just beyond that a traditional medicine clinic and pawnbroker.
“We have fun doing it, and we learn a lot of things,” she told reporters.
Code for Africa, which advocates for open use of technology and data journalism, purposely selected women for the project to offer them a CV-boosting experience.
Not all of Makoko’s inhabitants seem comfortable with the project.
“People are sometimes suspicious. They wonder if what we are doing is not going to turn against them,” Abigail said. “So we try to reassure them.”
The concerns are understandable. In 2012, the Lagos state authorities sent in police to evict people on the grounds that Makoko was an environmental hazard.
“People woke up one morning with posters ordering them to leave,” Jeje said.
At least one person was killed as local residents resisted the operation, during which homes were leveled. Eventually the violence forced the authorities to back down.
However, Makoko still lives in fear: In the past few years, other Lagos slums have been razed and replaced by housing projects.
With the city’s population booming, every square meter is fiercely disputed as developers vie for space. More often than not it is the poorest who find themselves squeezed out, pushed to the outskirts of the sprawling metropolis.
Jeje hoped that the map of Makoko would help its inhabitants to claim their rights over their homes.
“We are fishermen,” he said. “If you drive us from here, we die.”
NOTABLE SHIFT: By 2030, 50% of all laptops would be assembled in Southeast Asia, while Taiwan would still mostly focus on research and development, a report said Global laptop and desktop computer supply chains are expected to shift significantly away from China in the next 10 years, a Market Intelligence & Consulting Institute (MIC, 產業情報研究所) report said. By 2030, only 40 percent of global laptop production would remain in China, said the report, which was released on Thursday. “The reshuffling of the global supply chain will be one of the most important trends in the next 10 years,” the institute said in the report. “In the long run, key component makers will follow laptop assemblers in moving out of China.” The Taipei-based institute predicted most key component makers
Merck Group Taiwan yesterday said that it plans to invest substantially on expanding its fab in Kaohsiung’s Lujhu District (路竹) to better serve its local customers, including Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co (TSMC, 台積電). The company said it plans to expand its production space by 50 percent in the next five years and its workforce by about 40 percent, Merck Group Taiwan managing director Dick Hsieh (謝志宏) told a media briefing in Taipei. Hsieh declined to disclose investment details, but said that the latest investment would exceed the total amount Merck has invested in Taiwan over the past few years. Those investments would be
Yageo Corp (國巨), the world’s third-largest supplier of multilayer ceramic capacitors, has formed a strategic alliance with Hon Hai Precision Industry Co (鴻海精密) to develop key electronic components for electric vehicles and digital healthcare, it said yesterday. The alliance is to help Yageo boost its revenue from high-end components for vehicles and industrial, medical and aerospace devices, as well as those used in 5G and Internet-of-Things devices, the company said. The companies signed the strategic alliance agreement at Yageo’s headquarters in New Taipei City’s Sindian District (新店). Their cooperation is to start this quarter, the companies said in a joint statement. “Through the cooperation
INVEST IN TAIWAN: A metal components casting firm and the world’s largest maker of aluminum bicycle rims also obtained approvals to join the program Solar Applied Materials Technology Co (SOLAR, 光洋應用材料), a part of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co’s (TSMC, 台積電) “green supply chain,” has pledged to invest NT$1 billion (US$34.1 million) to build a new plant at the Tainan Technology Industrial Park (台南科技工業區), the Ministry of Economic Affairs said yesterday. SOLAR has been collaborating with TSMC to extract precious metals from waste and reuse them as “sputtering target” material in high-end semiconductor manufacturing, a TSMC press release issued in May said. Established in 1978, SOLAR also offers key materials and integrated services to customers in the optoelectronics, information and communications technology, petrochemicals and consumer electronics industries,