Sun Microsystems Inc shares slumped as much as 28 percent in European trading after talks about a proposed IBM Corp takeover for US$7 billion collapsed, a person familiar with the matter said.
Sun’s board, headed by co-founder Scott McNealy, informed IBM on Saturday it was breaking off exclusive negotiations, the person said. Sun, the developer of the Java programming language, rejected an offer of about US$9.40 a share as too low, said the person, who declined to be identified because the talks are private.
The breakdown of what would have been the biggest technology deal of the year increases pressure on McNealy to find another suitor as the server maker heads for its biggest annual loss in six years because customers are cutting orders. The offer was 11 percent higher than Sun’s stock price on Friday, even after expectations of an agreement drove up the shares 71 percent in the past two-and-half weeks.
Sun should “articulate a go-it-alone strategy,” said Peter Falvey, co-founder of Boston-based investment bank Revolution Partners. “What they need to do is figure out: Do they aggressively go after other potential acquirers?”
Sun slumped as much as US$2.41 to the equivalent of US$6.08 in German trading, from the closing price of US$8.49 in the US on Friday. The stock traded at US$6.42 as of 9:22am in Frankfurt. IBM was little changed at US$102.21 in Germany from the close of US$102.22 on the New York Stock Exchange last week.
Both companies declined to comment.
Sun balked because there were no guarantees in the merger contract that IBM would close the deal if the companies faced barriers or delays such as an antitrust review, the person said. Buying Sun would have been IBM’s biggest purchase ever.
It’s unclear whether the talks have come to a dead end or whether negotiations will resume, the person said. IBM, led by chief executive officer Samuel Palmisano, planned to announce the acquisition of Santa Clara, California-based Sun today, another person familiar with the matter said this month.
Sun jumped 79 percent on March 18, the day the talks were first reported. Since then, the shares have dropped as much as 26 percent on concern that the acquisition may fall apart.
“I’m a little surprised that the board rejected it out of hand,” Falvey said. “Maybe there’s a little bit of brinksmanship going on.”
The collapse of the discussions was reported on Sunday by the Wall Street Journal.
Sun is the fourth-largest maker of servers, the computers used to run Web sites and corporate networks. IBM is the top vendor, so the combination would have paved the way for IBM to increase its lead over No. 2 ranked Hewlett-Packard Co to almost half the US$53 billion global market for the machines.
In the fourth quarter, server sales industrywide fell 14 percent, the most since the aftermath of the dot-com bust, as customers held off buying both costly and inexpensive systems, research firm IDC said.
Sun depends on servers for almost half its sales and counts General Electric Co and General Motors Corp among its customers. The company is poised to post a US$1.24 billion loss for the year ending June 2009, the average of six analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg showed.
If the two sides agree to a deal, they may draw antitrust scrutiny over the market for the most powerful servers powered by the Unix operating system. IBM leads in sales of those machines, with a 36 percent share, while No. 2 Sun holds 28 percent, researcher Gartner Inc said.