Mexican president defends record in parting address

AFP, MEXICO CITY

Wed, Sep 05, 2018 - Page 7

Mexico’s deeply unpopular President Enrique Pena Nieto on Monday defended his record in his final state of the nation address, touting his reforms as “transcendental” even as he acknowledged his tainted legacy.

Pena Nieto six years ago seduced voters with his movie-star looks and promises of sweeping reform, but leaves office as the most unpopular president in Mexican history, according to some polls.

He is to be replaced on Dec. 1 by anti-establishment leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who in July won a landslide election victory by pillorying the crime and corruption he blamed on Pena Nieto and Mexico’s ruling “mafia of power.”

In his last annual progress report, Pena Nieto touted his government’s “daring agenda” of reforms, which privatized the energy sector and touched virtually every aspect of Mexicans’ lives, from education to telecommunications, labor and more.

“These structural reforms are, without a doubt, this administration’s most transcendental achievement and our most important contribution to the country’s development,” he said in a nationally televised address.

However, he acknowledged “shortfalls and challenges,” especially his government’s failure to curb violent crime that left a record 28,702 murders last year.

“I am aware that we did not achieve our goal of bringing peace to the country. Doing so will require a sustained, long-term effort,” he said.

More than 200,000 people have been murdered in a wave of violence since Mexico deployed the army to fight drug cartels in 2006.

Lopez Obrador has proposed overhauling the national anti-crime strategy, legalizing drugs and granting an amnesty for some drug crimes.

However, the Mexican president-elect has acknowledged there was little choice but to leave the army on the streets in the medium term, given the corruption and undercapacity plaguing the country’s police forces.

Charming his way to the presidency in 2012, his soap-opera star wife by his side, Pena Nieto sold himself to voters as a fresh young reformer who would reinvent his party — the once-hegemonic Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) — and Mexico along with it.

The PRI had ruled Mexico as a one-party state from 1929 to 2000, until people grew so disgusted with its corruption, cronyism and abuses it had little choice but to allow free elections.

Twelve turbulent years later, Pena Nieto, then 45, managed a dazzling comeback, returning the PRI to power with a promise to restore the stability of old, but usher in a new era of democracy, transparency and reform.

It all started well for the youthful ex-governor with immaculate black hair who passed a flurry of landmark reforms in rapid succession.

As Pena Nieto highlighted, he leaves behind healthy public finances, low inflation and unemployment, and a massive influx of foreign direct investment.

“This government did not just set out to administer. We dedicated ourselves to transforming Mexico,” he said.

At first, Pena Nieto made a splash on the international stage too: The Economist magazine declared it “Mexico’s moment,” the Washington Post called him “handsome” and “popular,” and CBS News declared him “the George Clooney of politics.”

However, his administration soon became mired in scandals.

In 2014, investigative journalists revealed that his wife had bought a multimillion-dollar mansion from a government contractor in a suspected sweetheart deal.

Then came the string of corruption scandals involving PRI governors, 11 of whom are on trial, in jail, under investigation or on the run.

The problems worsened when cartel kingpin Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman escaped from a maximum-security prison in 2015.

Although he was recaptured the following year and extradited to the US, the episode remains a major embarrassment.

However, the darkest stain might be the disappearance of 43 students in the southern state of Guerrero in 2014.

The student activists went missing after a clash with local police, in circumstances that remain murky.