Dead Sea scrolls revived on Web

HISTORY PLUS TECHNOLOGY::A Web site includes 10,000 new images created using technology created for NASA, more translations and a faster search engine

The Guardian, JERUSALEM

Thu, Feb 06, 2014 - Page 6

In an extraordinary marriage between high-tech wizardry and ancient history, the Israel Antiques Authority (IAA) has launched an updated version of its digital library of the Dead Sea scrolls, showcasing thousands of high-quality photographs of one of the world’s most spectacular archeological finds.

The expanded online resource, which is accessible from personal computers and mobile phones, presents hundreds of scroll fragments imaged with a camera that was developed specifically for this purpose. Only five expert curators worldwide are authorized to physically handle the scrolls.

Among the scrolls is an early copy of the book of Deuteronomy, which includes the 10 Commandments. The first of the scrolls were discovered in a remote cave at Qumran in the West Bank close to the Dead Sea in 1947.


Housed in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem in a dedicated facility called the Shrine of the Book, the scrolls include part of the first chapter of the book of Genesis, dated to the first century BC, which describes the creation of the world; a number of copies of Psalms scrolls; tiny texts from the second temple period; letters and documents hidden by those fleeing Roman forces during the Bar Kochba revolt; and hundreds more ancient texts that shed light on biblical studies, the history of Judaism and the origins of Christianity.

The upgraded Web site includes 10,000 new multispectral images, extra manuscript descriptions, content translated into Russian and German in addition to the current languages, a faster search engine, and easy access from the site to the Facebook page and to Twitter and more, the IAA said.

“The novelty is the quality of the pictures through a system that was created especially for the scrolls,” said Pnina Shor, curator and head of the Dead Sea Scrolls Project at the IAA.


“These are the best possible images of thousands of fragments. They are exactly like the originals. The technology was invented for NASA. It is a living site and a uniquely comprehensive one for documents this old,” Shor said.

By the early 1960s Bedouin treasure hunters and archeologists had found the remains of hundreds of manuscripts made up of thousands of fragments in the Judean desert along the western shore of the Dead Sea. These fragile pieces of parchment and papyrus were preserved for two millennia by the hot, dry climate and the darkness of the caves.

The texts are written in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and Nabataean. The manuscripts have been dated to various periods between 408 BC and 318 AD.

“The scrolls provide an unprecedented picture of the diverse religious beliefs of ancient Judaism, and of daily life during the turbulent Second Temple period when Jesus lived and preached, on biblical studies, the history of Judaism and the origins of Christianity,” the Web site says.