A Pacific islander whose homeland is threatened by rising seas failed in an attempt to become the world’s first climate change refugee yesterday, with a New Zealand judge dismissing his case as “novel,” but “unconvincing.”
Lawyers for Ioane Teitiota, 37, argued that New Zealand should not deport him, even though his visa had expired, because climate change was gradually destroying his low-lying home in Kiribati.
The difficulties Teitiota and his family would face in the tiny nation — which consists of about 30 atolls, most only a few meters above sea level — meant that they should be recognized as refugees, the lawyers said.
In a written ruling handed down on yesterday, High Court judge John Priestley acknowledged that Kiribati was suffering environmental degradation attributable to climate change, including storm surges, flooding and water contamination.
However, he said millions of other people in low-lying countries were in a similar situation and Teitiota did not qualify as a refugee under international law.
Priestley said the UN Refugee Convention stated that a refugee must fear persecution if they returned home, a criteria Teitiota did not meet.
The judge rejected the argument from Teitiota’s legal team that he was being “persecuted passively” by the environment because climate change was a threat to him that the Kiribati government was powerless to control.
“Novel and optimistic though these submissions are, they are unconvincing and must fail,” Priestley wrote.
“On a broad level, were they to succeed and be adopted in other jurisdictions, at a stroke, millions of people who are facing medium-term economic deprivation, or the immediate consequences of natural disasters or warfare, or indeed presumptive hardships caused by climate change, would be entitled to protection under the Refugee Convention,” he added.
He said Teitiota and his wife moved to New Zealand in 2007 and chose to stay illegally because it offered a better future than Kiribati.
They had three children who were born in New Zealand, but they will also be deported because the offspring of illegals born in the country are not recognized as citizens.
Kiribati is among a number of island states — including Tuvalu, Tokelau and the Maldives — which the UN Human Rights Commission is concerned could become “stateless” due to climate change.
Kiribati’s government has raised the prospect of relocating the entire population or building man-made islands to rehouse them if predictions that the sea will rise by 1m by the end of the century prove accurate.