Former Chinese president Jiang Zemin (江澤民) and former Chinese premier Li Peng (李鵬) could face arrest when traveling abroad over allegations they committed genocide in Tibet, a Spanish court ruled on Tuesday, in a case Beijing has dismissed as absurd.
Two Tibetan support groups and a monk with Spanish nationality brought the case against the former leaders in 2006 using Spanish law, which allows suspects to be tried for human rights abuses committed abroad when a Spanish victim is involved.
The two former leaders and three other high-ranking officials who worked in the government in the 1980s and 1990s are accused of human rights abuses in the Himalayan region.
Tuesday’s court order will now trigger arrest warrants, which in turn could result in the suspects being arrested when they travel to Spain or other countries which recognize orders signed by Spain.
Although it is unlikely the leaders will end up in a Spanish dock, the case is reminiscent of the arrest of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet in London in 1998 after a warrant was issued by former Spanish magistrate Baltasar Garzon.
Last month, another ruling by the same court indicted former Chinese president Hu Jintao (胡錦濤) for alleged genocide in Tibet.
The Chinese government denounced that move as interfering with its internal affairs.
Zhu Weiqun (朱維群), chairman of the ethnic and religious affairs committee of China’s top advisory body to parliament, said the case was absurd, in comments published by Chinese state media on Tuesday before the ruling.
“If some country’s court takes on this matter, it will bring itself enormous embarrassment,” Zhu said. “Go ahead if you dare.”
Chinese troops took control of Tibet in 1950.
China says it “peacefully liberated” the remote mountainous region that it says was mired in poverty, exploitation and economic stagnation.
Tibet’s Buddhist leader, the Dalai Lama, fled to India in 1959 after an abortive uprising against Chinese rule.
Exiled Tibetan groups are campaigning for the return of the Dalai Lama and self-rule for their region.
More than 120 Tibetans have set themselves alight in protest against Chinese rule since 2009, mainly in heavily ethnic Tibetan areas of Sichuan, Gansu and Qinghai provinces, rather than in what China terms the Tibet Autonomous Region.
Most of those who set themselves on fire have died.