An Egyptian court on Monday banned the Muslim Brotherhood from operating and ordered its assets seized, in the latest blow to the Islamist movement of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi.
The court also banned “any institution branching out from or belonging to the Brotherhood,” the official MENA news agency reported, possibly restricting the movement’s political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party.
The ruling ratchets up an intensifying crackdown on the Brotherhood since the army’s July 3 overthrow of Morsi.
Last month, security forces stormed two Cairo protest camps, sparking clashes in which hundreds of Islamist demonstrators were killed.
The operation drew criticism of the military-installed interim authorities from foreign governments and human rights groups.
The US on Monday said it was seeking further details on the Egyptian court’s ruling.
Washington has long argued the Muslim Brotherhood should be part of the political process.
“A transparent inclusive political process that preserves the rights of all Egyptians to participate and leads back to a civilian lead government is critical to the success of Egypt’s political and economic future,” US Department of State spokeswoman Jen Psaki said.
A judicial source said the court ruled that a government committee should be created to manage the Brotherhood’s seized assets.
The Cairo court “ruled to ban all activities by the Muslim Brotherhood organization, the group emanating from it and its non-governmental organization,” MENA reported.
The ruling may be appealed and overturned by a higher court.
The Brotherhood slammed the ban, saying it was part of a sustained campaign against the movement.
“The Muslim Brotherhood is part and parcel of Egyptian society. Corrupt and politically motivated judicial decisions cannot change that,” it said on its official Twitter account.
It said it was an organization that “will always be present on the ground even after it is dissolved, and will continue serving the Egyptian people.”
The “junta is trying to silence anyone who opposes them. Dissolution verdict is politically motivated and part of a continuous crackdown,” it said.
“Muslim Brotherhood remained and will remain, no matter how fascist regimes try to eliminate them. Dissolution will not affect the organization,” it added.
Formed in 1928, the Muslim Brotherhood was banned for decades before a popular uprising overthrew its archenemy, then-Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, in 2011.
It swept subsequent parliamentary elections and fielded Morsi in last year’s presidential election.
The new military-installed government now accuses the Brotherhood of “terrorism” and police have arrested at least 2,000 Islamists, including nearly all of the movement’s top leaders.
In the past three years, the movement set up headquarters in a multistory building in Cairo and opened offices across the country for its Freedom and Justice Party.
All of these buildings are likely to be seized under the court order. If upheld, the ruling would also criminalize Brotherhood membership.
A government committee is to manage the confiscated assets until criminal courts deliver their verdicts in cases brought against jailed Brotherhood leaders.
The Muslim Brotherhood “used the pure religion of Islam as a cover for activities that contradict true Islam and violate the law,” the court ruled.
The decision further reduces the already remote chances of reconciliation between the interim authorities and the influential movement, which still has a loyal grassroots base.
“A ban represents a blunt approach in which there is no space for the Brotherhood in political and social life,” said Michael Hanna, an Egypt specialist with the New York-based Century Foundation think tank.
Senior Brotherhood members said the movement was willing to concede its core demand for Morsi’s reinstatement, but wanted guarantees its imprisoned members would be released and its leaders would be allowed to operate freely.