Manila, Muslim rebels discuss ceasefire

PEACE NEEDED::Over 100 Moro National Liberation Front guerrillas remained under cover in six coastal villages, holding between 50 and 100 civilian hostages

AFP, ZAMBOANGA, Philippines

Sun, Sep 15, 2013 - Page 5

The Philippine vice president arrived in the southern city of Zamboanga yesterday to discuss a truce with Muslim rebels holding scores of civilian hostages, as the death toll from the standoff soared above 50.

The country’s No. 2, Jejomar Binay, put the truce plan to rebel leader Nur Misuari and Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin late on Friday as the gunmen torched homes and tens of thousands in the city of nearly 1 million fled the fighting.

Until the ceasefire was implemented, military operations would continue “as necessary,” presidential spokeswoman Abigail Valte said in a statement read on government radio.

The rebels, from the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), began the standoff on Monday, when around 180 of them entered the port city and took hostages in a bid to scupper peace talks between another militant group and the government.

The vice president had talked to MNLF leader Misuari on Friday night to propose a ceasefire that would come into effect at midnight yesterday, a spokesman for Binay said.

“He talked to Misuari and he talked to Gazmin, and they agreed to discuss a ceasefire,” spokesman Joey Salgado said early yesterday.

During an interview with ABS-CBN television yesterday, Gazmin insisted that any truce was dependent on the rebels, who “are firing as we speak.”

Binay tweeted yesterday afternoon that he had arrived in Zamboanga, where he was to join Philippine President Benigno Aquino III to discuss the details of his plan with the defense secretary and MNLF representatives.

Aquino arrived in the southern city on Friday.

As the fighting raged, a marine and four rebels were killed and five other soldiers were wounded in a fierce skirmish in the Kasanyangan district before dawn, military spokesman Major Angelo de Guzman said.

The deaths brought the toll from six days of fighting to 53 dead and 70 wounded, more than double the previously announced total as of Friday, he said.

The toll included 43 dead guerrillas and nine of their wounded comrades.

Nineteen gunmen have surrendered or been captured, while the local civil defense office said 69,000 people fled coastal districts that were infiltrated by the heavily armed MNLF members early on Monday.

Nearly 500 houses had been torched by the rebels as of Friday, with the buildings burning to the ground because snipers were preventing firemen from attending to the blazes, city fire marshal Dominador Zabala said.

Just over 100 MNLF guerrillas were left hiding out in the six coastal neighborhoods, holding between 50 and 100 civilian hostages, military spokesman Lieutenant-Colonel Ramon Zagala said.

About 3,000 elite troops were going after them, he said, describing the military gains as “substantial,” while refusing to say which areas had been retaken by security forces.

In Santa Barbara district yesterday, rebels fired rocket-propelled grenades at about 50 soldiers, wounding several troops, a photojournalist saw.

The soldiers were attacking a five-story school building that contained rebel snipers, he added.

Valt accused the guerrillas of “firing indiscriminately at civilians including Red Cross volunteers who were wounded by mortar fire,” as well as attacking firemen who were responding to “the wanton burning of homes by the MNLF.”

The military and police operations in the neighborhoods aimed to “contain and constrict” the rebels, she added.

The MNLF waged a 25-year guerrilla war for independence before signing a peace treaty in 1996 that granted limited self-rule to the south’s Muslim minority.

Misuari, who has accused the government of violating the terms of a 1996 treaty by negotiating a separate deal with a rival faction, had disappeared from public view shortly before the fighting began Monday.

The rival faction, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, is in the final stages of peace talks with Manila and is expected to take over an expanded autonomous Muslim region in the south by 2016.