Israeli Ambassador to Poland Zvi Rav-Ner opened a 3D show of Warsaw ghetto photos on Wednesday as part of observances marking the 70th anniversary of the ghetto’s ill-fated revolt against Nazi Germans.
The 48 pictures shown at Warsaw’s Fotoplastikon are images of people walking or begging in the streets, street vendors, German troops and the Jewish cemetery.
Most of them were taken between 1940, when the ghetto was set up, and 1945, when almost nothing remained of Warsaw’s Jewish district. Some of the images are very poignant, like one of a boy searching for lice in his clothes.
Rav-Ner said the photos are proof of the immense suffering of the Jews in the ghetto and a warning against nationalist violence.
“It is very important that these pictures show how it really was, how they all suffered,” Rav-Ner said in Polish. “And then there was this great heroism. This was the first uprising against the Nazis in occupied Europe.”
On April 19, 1943, a few hundred poorly armed Jews put up resistance to the German forces, who were sending ghetto residents to death camps. The revolt was crushed in May, and the ghetto was razed to the ground, its residents killed.
The 2D photos were supplied by the family of Polish resistance photographer Stefan Baginski and turned into stereoscopic images that, when viewed through binoculars, offer a 3D effect. Some of the photos were taken by German soldiers and some by a Polish photographer, Mieczyslaw Bil-Bilazewski, who apparently worked for both the Nazi occupiers and the Polish resistance.
The show was organized by the Warsaw Rising Museum as part of observances marking the ghetto revolt anniversary. The 1944 Warsaw uprising was a separate city-wide revolt.
Museum director Jan Oldakowski said the two uprisings are often confused: the ghetto revolt being better known in the world, the Warsaw-wide uprising better known in Poland.
“They are both the heritage of Warsaw, and this is what we want to say through this picture show,” Oldakowski said.
Earlier on Wednesday, Poland’s parliament adopted a resolution honoring those who suffered and died in the ghetto.
It “pays homage to the victims and heroes of the uprising whose courage and sacrifice have earned admiration, respect and the memory of generations that came after them,” the resolution said.
State observances will be led by Poland’s president today.