As many as 54 countries allegedly helped with CIA programs in which terrorism suspects were held in secret prisons or turned over to foreign governments for interrogation, a human rights organization said in a report on Tuesday.
The report by the Open Society Justice Initiative said it focused mainly on human rights abuses associated with the CIA’s secret detention and “extraordinary rendition” operations after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on New York and Washington.
The report, titled Globalizing Torture, said its information was based on “credible public sources” and “reputable human rights organizations.”
The CIA declined comment on the report.
“Secret detention and extraordinary rendition operations, designed to be conducted outside the United States under cover of secrecy, could not have been implemented without the active participation of foreign governments. These governments too must be held accountable,” the report said.
Extraordinary rendition involved the transfer without a legal process of a detainee to the custody of a foreign government for the purposes of detention and interrogation, the report said.
It catalogues the treatment of 136 individuals and what help each of the 54 countries provided.
The governments accused of helping the CIA programs include some staunch US allies, such as Australia, Canada, Germany, the UK and Ireland, and some not usually viewed as US-friendly, such as Iran.
The report said Iran had transferred some individuals to Afghanistan, which transferred them to the US government.
While US President Barack Obama, after taking office in 2009, ordered the closure of secret CIA detention facilities, the executive order “did not repudiate extraordinary rendition,” the report said.
The 54 countries allegedly participated in the CIA operations in various ways, including by hosting prisons, helping capture and transport detainees, allowing the use of airspace and airports, providing intelligence and interrogating individuals, the report said.