The government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu advanced a “record” number of settlements during its nearly four years in office, a report by the Peace Now watchdog said yesterday.
The government’s actions “disclose a clear intention to use settlements to systematically undermine and render impossible a realistic, viable two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,” the Israeli nongovernmental organization (NGO) said.
Last year alone, at least 1,747 new settlement homes were built in the West Bank, with the Israeli defense ministry approving discussion and promotion of another 6,676 units, which are at different stages in the approval process.
Last year also saw the housing ministry publish tenders for 762 settler homes in the West Bank and a list of another 1,048 upcoming tenders.
In the same period, the government decided to “legalize” 10 settlement outposts built without authorization, while activists set up another four new outposts, it said.
Israel differentiates between “legal” settlements and “illegal” outposts set up without government permission, but the international community views all settlement activity on occupied territory as a violation of international law.
It does not view construction in east Jerusalem, which it captured in 1967 and later annexed, as illegal, although the Palestinians want it as the capital of their future state.
Overall, the Netanyahu administration has been responsible for “a record number of tenders,” Peace Now said, paving the way “for an explosion of construction in settlements in the coming years.”
Since the government took office in March 2009, construction started on 6,867 units in the West Bank and tenders have been published for 5,302 units in both the West Bank and east Jerusalem.
The explosion of approvals has erased the effects of a 10-month moratorium on new West Bank construction in 2010.
“Many of these tenders are focusing on settlements ... whose expansion directly undermines the possibility of achieving a two-state solution,” the report said.
In total, the Netanyahu government advanced and approved 8,730 units in West Bank settlements over the past four years, Peace Now said, adding that the figures could be higher because the defense ministry does not make public its approvals for planning.
In east Jerusalem, more than 10,000 settlement units have been approved during Netanyahu’s term in office.
The report comes as another Israeli NGO, Terrestrial Jerusalem, said on Tuesday the Israel Lands Administration had issued “new settlement tenders [for] 84 units in Hebron, 114 units in Efrata,” referring to the southern West Bank city and a large settlement near Bethlehem.