Living near a bar appears to encourage some people to overimbibe, with moving closer to a drinking establishment prompting some to up their alcohol intake, according to a Finnish study.
Researchers whose findings appeared in the journal Addiction followed nearly 55,000 Finnish adults for seven years and found that those who moved closer to bars were somewhat more likely to increase their drinking.
“Moving place of residence close to, or far from, a bar appears to be associated with a small corresponding increase or decrease in risky alcohol behavior,” lead researcher of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in Kuopio, Jaana Halonen, and her colleagues wrote.
When a person moved 1km closer to a bar, the odds of becoming a heavy drinker rose 17 percent. “Heavy drinking” meant more than 295 milliliters of distilled alcohol a week for men, and about 207 milliliters a week for women.
The link does not prove that mere distance from a bar alone causes people to drink more, according to the researchers.
Halonen said that one possibility is that drinkers choose to live near bars. However, she and her colleagues also looked at a subset of people who did not move — instead, the bars came closer to them — and the findings were similar among those individuals.
The researchers also accounted for other factors, such as the neighborhood poverty level — in Finland, lower-income people are more likely to drink heavily, Halonen said.
However, even here, distance from a bar remained tied to the odds of becoming a heavy drinker.
The results are based on surveys of 54,778 Finnish public employees followed over an average of seven years.
At the outset, there was a pattern of heavy drinking being more common when people lived close to bars, or to restaurants or hotels with bars.
Among people who were an average of 0.12km from the nearest drinking establishment, a little over 9 percent were heavy drinkers. Of those 2.4km away, some 7.5 percent were heavy drinkers.
Halonen said that for any one person, the risk of becoming a problem drinker is of course tied to a whole range of factors.