Opponents and supporters of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi clashed in Cairo on Friday in the first street violence between rival factions since the Islamist leader took office.
Islamists and their opponents threw stones, bottles and petrol bombs, and some fought hand-to-hand, showing how feelings still run high between the rival groups trying to shape the new Egypt after decades of autocracy, although the streets have generally been calmer since Morsi’s election in June.
The Egyptian Ministry of Health said 110 people had sustained light to moderate injuries, state media reported.
A government is in place, but Islamists and liberals are at loggerheads over the drafting of the new constitution, which must be agreed before a new parliament can be elected.
Many of the thousands who gathered in Tahrir Square were angry at this week’s court ruling that acquitted former officials charged with ordering a camel-and-horseback charge on protesters in the uprising that ousted former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak last year.
However, even before that ruling, Morsi’s opponents had called for protests against what they say is his failure to deliver on his promises for his first 100 days in office.
“Down, down with rule by the guide,” Morsi’s opponents chanted, suggesting that Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Badie pulls the strings, even though Morsi officially quit the Brotherhood on taking office.
“Morsi, Morsi,” the president’s backers responded.
Late on Friday, a statement issued by the Cabinet condemned the events, saying they hinder the government’s political and economic efforts.
It said Egyptian Prime Minister Hisham Kandil “calls on all parties present in Tahrir Square and the other squares and places to stay away from any action that would tarnish the image of new Egypt.”
Some demonstrators pulled down a temporary podium that had been erected on a side of the square for speeches. Later, Islamists took over the square, triggering scuffles in nearby streets as they tried to keep rival groups out.
Two buses parked near the square were set alight. Witnesses said they had been used by the Brotherhood to bring in supporters.
The Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) in a statement expressed its “sorrow” over what happened to the buses it said were used to bring members to Cairo. It also condemned an attack on the Brotherhood’s headquarters in the industrial city of El-Mahalla El-Kubra.
“We went to protest against the constituent assembly and Morsi’s failure in his 100 days, and Islamists prevented us and are now controlling the square,” said Islam Wagdy, 19, a member of a group set up by leftist politician Hamdeen Sabahy.
An FJP spokesman denied this.
“What happened today was an attempt by the liberal powers ... to prevent Islamists expressing their views and protesting in Tahrir, which belongs to all Egyptians and not to a certain current,” FJP spokesman Ahmed Sobeih said.
There was no intervention by police, who have often been the target of protesters’ anger because of their brutality against demonstrators in last year’s revolt.
The Brotherhood, which joined Friday’s protest, had said it should focus on this week’s court ruling.
The charge by men on camels and horseback was one of the most violent incidents of the uprising that ousted Mubarak in February last year. The case has been closely watched by those seeking justice for the hundreds killed in the revolt.
The court acquitted top Mubarak-era officials, such as former Egyptian lower house speaker Fathi Sorour and Mubarak aide Safwat Sherif, both of whom are scorned by many Egyptians.
Demonstrators also gathered in Egypt’s second city, Alexandria, where Morsi went to a mosque to perform Friday prayers before giving a speech.