Pakistan joins India on the UN Security Council

AT THE HIGH TABLE::Pakistan, Morocco, Guatemala and Togo all won two-year terms on the 15-member council, with no representative from Eastern Europe yet chosen


Sun, Oct 23, 2011 - Page 5

Pakistan emerged triumphant on Friday from one of the most hotly contested UN Security Council elections in years and played down fears of tensions with the US and rival India on the world body.

Pakistan, Morocco, Guatemala and Togo all won two-year terms on the 15-member council. Nine rounds of voting were held for a seat for Eastern Europe, but neither Azerbaijan nor Slovenia received the required two-thirds majority.

The new countries will replace Bosnia, Brazil, Gabon, Lebanon and Nigeria on the council from Jan. 1.

The presence of India and Pakistan together has raised concerns because of the two country’s rivalry as nuclear powers who have fought three wars since 1947. Pakistan has also been warned by the US, one of the five permanent council members, about militant groups operating from Pakistani territory.

Morocco’s victory is sensitive because it is not a member of the African Union and as a result of the deadlock over the disputed territory of Western Sahara, which it annexed in 1976.

Pakistan is expected to side with China, Brazil, South Africa and India in opposing any efforts by the US and its allies to sanction Syria or Iran.

Diplomats said India, which will remain on the council through next year, and Pakistan, could work with each other. Pakistani UN envoy Abdullah Hussain Haroon, played down fears of friction.

Haroon said Pakistan would fight for the “underdogs” and added: “Hopefully we will be working with all the other members of the Security Council, especially India.”

He said he had a good working relationship with Indian UN envoy Hardeep Singh Puri. “You have seen that the usual tendencies have not erupted between us and that is a good factor,” he said. “Perhaps both of us have been beneficial in starting dialogue between both the countries.”

The Pakistan envoy acknowledged differences with the US States over militant groups such as the Haqqani network, which Washington has insisted should be broken up.

“We have our points of view and I think the best we can do is sit together and talk and resolve these issues,” he said. “I don’t think there are going to be any winners in anything that comes into a larger conflagration.”

The African Union backed Mauritania and Togo against Morocco in the contest for two African seats.

Morocco, backed by France, conducted a strong campaign however to get a seat. Moroccan Foreign Minister Taieb Fassi Fihri said his nation was “extremely honored” by the support it received “despite the adversity, despite the attempts made in vain to exclude Morocco from this contest under the pretext that it did not belong to a certain continental organization. “The African Union wanted to impose just two candidates, by excluding Morocco and today, a large majority of African nations decided to show solidarity with Morocco,” he said.

Pakistan won the Asia-Pacific seat, getting 129 votes, the minimum required, to 55 for its only rival Kyrgyzstan.

Morocco secured 151 votes to take one of the African seats in the first round. It will also become the Arab representative on the council on Jan. 1.

Togo took the second African seat in the third round of voting when it secured 131 votes to 61 for Mauritania.

Guatemala secured its seat unopposed, although two countries abstained.

In the race for a seat for Eastern Europe, Azerbaijan (74 votes), Slovenia (67) and Hungary (52) fell well short of the required majority in the first round.

Diplomats said there could be a backlash against adding another EU member to the council where Britain, France, Germany and Portugal already hold seats.

Late on Friday, the General Assembly called off the contest until tomorrow.